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- (added to tense adverbs suffixed with -pwe) quickly, soon
From Old Norse -na, compare Swedish -na
- Used with some adjectives to form inchoative verbs meaning "to become [adjective]".
- gul ("yellow") + -ne -> gulne ("become yellow")
- From adjectives, forms causative verbs meaning "to make [adjective]".
From Proto-Finnic *-inen. Cognate with Finnish -inen.
-ne (genitive -se, partitive -set or -st)
- -al, -ic, -ous; creates adjectives from nouns indicating a relationship or property.
- -en; creates adjectives indicating the material of which something is made.
Inflection of -ne
(ÕS type 2/õpik
, no gradation)
This adjective needs an inflection-table template.
From Proto-Finnic *-nek.
- The suffix used to form the comitative case. It denotes companionship and ownership, and is written where English would use "together with (one's possession)".
- Menin ruskeine koirineni.
- I went together with my brown dog.
- Tiibet on mielenkiintoinen maa suurine vuorineen.
- Tibet is a fascinating land, together with its great mountains.
- Relatively rare in spoken Finnish. The idea of comitative is more often expressed with other structures, particularly the postposition kanssa ("together with").
- Grammatically comitative is always plural, even if used of a singular object.
- In nouns the suffix -ne is appended with the appropriate possessive suffix. In Wiktionary the declension tables of Finnish nouns show the comitative with the 3rd person suffix -en to form -neen.
- (personal suffix) Used to form the third-person singular present tense of verbs (conditional mood, indefinite conjugation).
- kér ("to ask") -> kérne ("he/she would ask")
Conditional indefinite - personal endings
- (personal suffix) Harmonic variants:
- -na is added to most back vowel verbs
- vár ("to wait") -> várna ("he/she would wait")
- -ne is added to most front vowel verbs
- kér ("to ask") -> kérne ("he/she would ask")
- -ana is added to back vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t (exceptions áll, száll, varr, forr, lát)
- mond ("to say something") -> mondana ("he/she would say something")
- tanít ("to teach") -> tanítana ("he/she would teach")
- -ene is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t
- fest ("to paint") -> festene ("he/she would paint")
- segít ("to help") -> segítene ("he/she would help")
- -e (used after -nn in pronouns)
- -na (used after velarized consonants and back vowels)
- emphatic suffix of the first-person plural; used after palatalized consonants and front vowels
Spelled with a hyphen after n, otherwise without a hyphen (but reduced to -e and spelled without a hyphen after -nn in pronouns).
- Added to nouns (or adjectives modifying a noun) in the presence of the possessive adjective to emphasize the possessor rather than the thing possessed:
ár n-athairne - our father
ár gcapall donn-na - our brown horse
- Added to pronouns (both simple and prepositional) to add emphasis (not to create a reflexive pronoun):
againne - at us
sinne, muidne - we, us
- Added to synthetic verb forms to add emphasis to the subject:
cloisfimidne - we will hear
chualamarna - we heard
From ne ("not").
-ne (interrogative enclitic)
- Added to the end of a word in a phrase (usually the first word) to make it a question.
Nihilne in mentem?
- Does nothing suggest itself to your mind?
Esne iratus, frater?
- Are you angry, brother?
Potesne mihi succurrere, quaeso?
- Can you help me, please?
- or... (introduces a question or an alternative)
- A question requiring an answer of "yes" or "no" is formed by adding -ne to the emphatic word:
Is tibi mortemne vid?tur aut dol?rem tim?re?
- Does it seem to you to be death that he fears or pain?
H?cine vir usquam nisi in patri? mori?tur?
- Shall this man die anywhere but in his native land?
T?ne id veritus es?
- Did you fear that?
- The enclitic -ne is sometimes omitted.
Pat?re tua c?nsilia n?n sent?s?
- Do you not see that your schemes are manifest?
- When -ne is added to a negative word (such as n?nne) an affirmative answer is expected.
- Aren't you paying attention?
- A variant of -tne; added to adjectives or verbs to form abstract nouns.
- -selves (emphatic)
Category Scottish Gaelic words suffixed with -ne not found
- (obsolete) Marker of definiteness on nouns in the plural
- platser (from plats (place)); platserne, places; the places
- Duoplural number inflection. On nouns in gender III.6, it indicates either collective number or singular noncount (mass) and has corresponding singular agreement marking on verb-forms. (See also: -na, -n?, -nem?.)