-nak
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-nak
See also: nak, NAK, nák, n?k, -nák, and NAK

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Case suffix.

Suffix

-nak

  1. (case suffix) to, for. Used to form the dative case.
    húg ("younger sister") -> Adtam egy könyvet a húgomnak. - I gave a book to my little sister.
  2. (case suffix) 's, of. Used to form the possessive case from the noun of the possessor, along with the ending -a/-e/-ja/-je added to the possession. Often omitted if the act of possession is not the predicate of the sentence.
    szomszéd ("neighbor") -> A szomszédom(nak a) kertben áll egy tölgyfa. - There is an oak in my neighbor's garden.
    múzeum ("museum") -> A múzeumnak két bejárata van. - The museum has two entrances.
  3. as, for (in the function or role specified)
    Ne dobd ki az újságot, jól jöhet még csomagolópapírnak. - Don't throw out the newspaper, it could come in handy as wrapping paper.
  4. Concessive sense: used to devalue the predicate of the sentence when repeated and followed by a clause that contrasts with or contradicts it. See also -ni.
    Olcsónak olcsó, de ráférne egy felújítás. - Cheap as it may be, but it could do with some renovation.
Usage notes
  • (case suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nak is added to back vowel words. Final -a changes to -á-.
    házigazda ("host") -> Ajándékot hoztunk a házigazdának. - We brought gifts for the host.
    -nek is added to front vowel words. Final -e changes to -é-.
    gyerek ("child") -> Vettem egy játékot a gyereknek. - I bought a toy for the child.
    körte ("pear") -> A körtének jó íze van. - The pear tastes good. (Literally, "to the pear there is a good flavor".)

See also

Etymology 2

Personal suffix.

Suffix

-nak

  1. (personal suffix) third-person plural present tense (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation)
    olvas ("read") -> olvasnak ("they read, they are reading")
Usage notes
  • (personal suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nak is added to back vowel verbs
    tanul ("study") -> A gyerekek nem tanulnak eleget. - The children are not studying enough.
    -nek is added to front vowel verbs
    énekel ("sing") -> A madarak énekelnek. - The birds are singing.
    -anak is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    tanít ("teach") -> Mire tanítanak minket az állatok? - What do animals teach us?
    -enek is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    fest ("paint") -> A gyerekek festenek. - The children are painting.

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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