-nal
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-n%C3%A1l
See also: nal, nål, and nál

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Case suffix.

Suffix

-nál

  1. (case suffix) at. Used to form the adessive case.
    A háznál várt rám. - He was waiting for me at the house.
Usage notes
  • (case suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nál is added to back vowel words. Final -a changes to -á-.
    a hegy lába ("the foot of the mountain") -> a hegy lábánálat the foot of the mountain
    -nél is added to front vowel words. Final -e changes to -é-.
    az ágy feje ("the head of the bed") -> az ágy fejénélat the head of the bed

See also

Etymology 2

-ná (conditional suffix) +‎ -l (personal suffix)

Suffix

-nál

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the second-person singular present tense of verbs (conditional mood, indefinite conjugation).
    olvas ("to read") -> Olvasnál valamit?Would you read something?
Usage notes
  • (personal suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nál is added to most back vowel verbs
    vár ("to wait") -> várnál ("you would wait")
    -nél is added to most front vowel verbs
    kér ("to ask") -> kérnél ("you would ask")
    -anál is added to back vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t (exceptions áll, száll, varr, forr, lát)
    mond ("to say something") -> mondanál ("you would say something")
    tanít ("to teach") -> tanítanál ("you would teach")
    -enél is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t
    fest ("to paint") -> festenél ("you would paint")
    segít ("to help") -> segítenél ("you would help")

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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