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From Anglo-Norman -if (feminine -ive), from Latin -ivus. Until the fourteenth century all Middle English loanwords from Anglo-Norman ended in -if (compare actif, natif, sensitif, pensif etc.), and under the influence of literary Neolatin both languages introduced the form -ive. Those forms that have not been replaced were subsequently changed to end in -y (compare hasty, from hastif, jolly, from jolif etc.).
Like the Latin suffix -io (genitive -ionis), Latin suffix -ivus is appended to the perfect passive participle to form an adjective of action.
- An adjective suffix signifying relating or belonging to, of the nature of, tending to; as affirmative, active, conclusive, corrective, diminutive.
adjectival suffix: of the nature of; tending to
- Italian: -ivo m, -iva f, -ivi m pl, -ive f pl
- Japanese: -? (ja) (-teki)
- Latin: -ivus m, -iva f, -ivum n, -ivi m pl, -ivae f pl, -iva n pl
- Malay: -if
- Portuguese: -ivo (pt)
- Romanian: -iv m, -iv? f
- Russian: - (-ívnyj)
- Serbo-Croatian: -ivan m, -ivna f, -ivno n
- Spanish: -ivo (es) m, -iva (es) f
- vocative masculine singular of -?vus
- Alternative form of -yf
- "-i(e, (suf.5)" in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 20 June 2018.
- "-if, -ive (suf.)" in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 20 June 2018.