-et
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-et

English

Etymology

From Middle English -et, from Old French -et.

Suffix

-et

  1. Used to form diminutives, loosely construed.

Derived terms


Related terms

Anagrams


Catalan

Etymology

From Late Latin -ittus.

Suffix

-et m (masculine plural -ets, feminine -eta, feminine plural -etes)

  1. Suffix indicating diminution or affection.

Derived terms



Danish

Suffix

-et

  1. Forms past participles of some verbs, like -t.
  2. Forms the definite singular of most neuter nouns.
  3. Forms adjectives from nouns with the sense of "like [noun]"; -esque.
    snerpe ("prude") + ‎-et -> ‎snerpet ("prudish")
  4. Forms adjectives from nouns with the sense of "having [noun], being equipped with [noun]".
    mønster ("pattern") + ‎-et -> ‎mønstret ("patterned")
    to ("two") + ‎sprog ("language") + ‎-et -> ‎tosproget ("bilingual")

Derived terms



Emilian

Pronunciation

Pronoun

-et (personal)

  1. (enclitic, after a consonant) Alternative form of et
  2. (enclitic, after a consonant) Alternative form of te

Related terms


French

Etymology

From Middle French -et, from Old French -et, from Late Latin -ittus.

Pronunciation

Suffix

-et m (feminine -ette)

  1. Suffix indicating diminution or affection.

Derived terms



Hungarian

Pronunciation

Suffix

-et

  1. (noun suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun, expressing the result of the action.
    él ("to live") -> élet ("life")
    ítél ("to judge") -> ítélet ("judgment")
    mér ("to measure") -> méret ("measurement, size")
  2. Added to an occupation ending in -ész to form a collective noun.
    m?vész ("artist") -> m?vészet ("art")
    lövész ("shooter") -> lövészet ("shooting as a sport")
    kertész ("gardener") -> kertészet ("gardening establishment")
    sebész ("surgeon") -> sebészet ("surgery, as a department in a hospital or as the field of medicine")
  3. (accusative suffix) Used to form the accusative case.
    kert ("garden") -> Láttam egy gyönyör? kertet. - I saw a beautiful garden.
  4. (causative suffix) Added to a verb (or extremely rarely to a noun) to form a verb with a meaning of let, make somebody do something.
    néz ("to look") -> nézet ("to make someone look at something")
    ég ("to burn; intransitive") -> éget ("to make something burn")
    mér ("to measure") -> méret ("to make someone measure something")

Usage notes

  • (accusative suffix): It can be added to nouns, adjectives, numerals and pronouns. Whether a suffix-initial vowel (linking vowel) will be used is hard to predict and thus needs to be learned with each word. A rule of thumb, however, is that older and shorter words tend to incorporate a vowel, rather than simply use -t. Variants:
    -t is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final -o in foreign words changes to -ó-.
    -ot is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -at is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -et is added to unrounded front-vowel words (and some rounded front-vowel words) ending in a consonant
    -öt is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (causative suffix) Variants:
    -at is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    vár ("to wait") -> várat ("to have someone wait")
    -et is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    kér ("to ask for") -> kéret ("to have someone ask for; to summon someone [by ordering a servant to fetch him/her]")
    -tat is added to back vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    tisztít ("to clean") -> tisztíttat ("to have someone clean")
    -tet is added to front vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    keres ("to look for") -> kerestet ("to have someone look for")

Derived terms


See also


Latin

Pronunciation

Suffix

-et

  1. third-person singular present active subjunctive of -?

Middle English

Etymology

Borrowed from Old French -et, and its feminine variant -ette, from Late Latin -ittus (and the other gender forms -itta, -ittum).

Pronunciation

Suffix

-et

  1. Forms diminutive nouns from nouns; in some words, it has lost its original meaning.

Derived terms


Descendants

  • English: -et

References


Middle French

Etymology

From Old French -et.

Suffix

-et

  1. Used to form a diminutive, masculine noun.

Descendants


Northern Sami

Etymology

From Proto-Samic *-ëjët?k.

Pronunciation

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Suffix

-et

  1. Forms momentane verbs.
    njuikut ("to jump around") + ‎-et -> ‎njuiket ("to jump once")

Usage notes

This suffix triggers the strongest grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

Inflection

Contracted e-stem, no gradation
infinitive -et
1st sing. present -en
1st sing. past -ejin
infinitive -et action noun -en
present participle -ejeaddji action inessive -emin
-eme
past participle -en action elative -emis
agent participle action comitative -emiin
abessive -ekeahttá
present indicative past indicative imperative
1st singular -en -ejin -ej?hkon
2nd singular -et -ejit -e
3rd singular -e -ii -ej?hkos
1st dual -ejetne -iime -ejeadnu
-ejeahkku
2nd dual -ebeahtti -iide -ejeahkki
3rd dual -eba -iiga -ej?hkoska
1st plural -et -iimet -ej?tnot
-ej?hkot
-ejeahkkot
-ejeadnot
2nd plural -eb?htet -iidet -ej?hket
3rd plural -ejit -ejedje -ej?hkoset
connegative -e -en -e
conditional 1 conditional 2 potential
1st singular -e?in
-e?edjen
-elin
-eledjen
-e?an
2nd singular -e?it
-e?edjet
-elit
-eledjet
-e?at
3rd singular -e?ii -elii -e?a
-e?
1st dual -e?eimme -eleimme -e?etne
2nd dual -e?eidde -eleidde -e?eahppi
3rd dual -e?eigga -eleigga -e?eaba
1st plural -e?eimmet -eleimmet -e?it
-e?at
2nd plural -e?eiddet -eleiddet -ehpet
3rd plural -e?e
-e?edje
-ele
-eledje
-e?it
connegative -e?e -ele -e?

Derived terms



Old English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *-atj?, *-itj?, *-utj?.

Pronunciation

Suffix

-et

  1. suffix forming nouns from verbs, adjectives, and other nouns (sometimes causes i-mutation)
    þ?owot - service, religious service, ministry
    grafet - trench
    bærnet - a burning, combustion, cauterizing
    emnet - level ground, leveling
    '
    þiccet - thicket
    r?wet - rowing; ship, row-boat
    r?met - space, clearance, extension
    swefet, sweofot - sleep; sleeping
    þyrnet - thicket of thorns, thorny place

Usage notes

Declension

Descendants


Old French

Etymology 1

From Late Latin -ittus.

Suffix

-et

  1. Used to form a diminutive, masculine noun.

Descendants

Etymology 2

From Latin -?tus.

Suffix

-et

  1. (12th century and before) Alternative form of (suffix used to form past participles of regular -er verbs)

Romanian

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Latin -etum. Compare Italian -eto, French -aie.

Suffix

-et n (plural -eturi or -ete)

  1. Used with plant or tree names to form names of orchards, woods, forests, or groves.
Declension
Derived terms


Etymology 2

From Latin -itus. No longer productive.

Alternative forms

Suffix

-et n (plural -ete)

  1. (unproductive) Used to form nouns derived from the action of some verbs.
Declension
Derived terms



Swedish

Suffix

-et

  1. Suffix for definite form singular of neuter nouns, especially if they end with consonant or a stressed vowel.
  2. Suffix for the neuter form of past participles of verbs belonging to the fourth declension (strong verbs). This may be analyzed as two morphemes: a combination of the suffix -en for past participle and -t for neuter, where the n of the first suffix disappears. Such an analysis is historically correct.

Anagrams


Volapük

Suffix

-et

  1. Used to indicate a consequential or concrete example

Derived terms



Welsh

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Suffix

-et

  1. (colloquial) verb suffix for the second-person singular conditional

Derived terms

Category Welsh words suffixed with -et not found

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-et
 



 



 
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