-at
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-at

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin -atus.

Suffix

-at

  1. forms the masculine singular past participle of verbs whose infinitives end in -ar
    parlar ("to speak") + ‎-at -> ‎parlat ("spoken")
  2. forms adjectives, from nouns, meaning "which contains the suffixed noun"
    piga ("freckle") + ‎-at -> ‎pigat ("freckled")
  3. forms nouns, from the names of types of professionals, meaning the position of being that type of professional; -dom
    almirall ("admiral") + ‎-at -> ‎almirallat ("almirallat")

Derived terms


Further reading


Czech

Suffix

-at

  1. A common ending for many infinitive verbs.

Derived terms


Further reading


French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin -?tum, whence also English -ate, and the inherited French doublet .[1]

Pronunciation

Suffix

-at

  1. Usually denotes an action or a result of an action, as in assassinat ("assassination")

Derived terms


References

  1. ^ é-; in: Jacqueline Picoche, Jean-Claude Rolland, Dictionnaire étymologique du français, Paris 2009, Dictionnaires Le Robert

German

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin -?tum, whence also English -ate

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Suffix

-at

  1. -ate

Derived terms



Hungarian

Pronunciation

Suffix

-at

  1. Added to a back vowel verb to form a noun.
    mond ("to say") -> mondat ("sentence")
  2. Added to an occupation ending in -ász to form a collective noun.
    fogász ("dentist") -> fogászat ("dentistry")
  3. (accusative suffix) Used to form the accusative case.
    ház ("house") -> Vettem egy házat. - I bought a house.
  4. (causative suffix) Added to a verb (or extremely rarely to a noun) to form a verb with a meaning of let, make somebody do something.
    zár ("to close") -> zárat ("to make someone close something")

Usage notes

  • (accusative suffix): It can be added to nouns, adjectives, numerals and pronouns. Whether a suffix-initial vowel (linking vowel) will be used is hard to predict and thus needs to be learned with each word. A rule of thumb, however, is that older and shorter words tend to incorporate a vowel, rather than simply use -t. Variants:
    -t is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final -o in foreign words changes to -ó-.
    -ot is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -at is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -et is added to unrounded front-vowel words (and some rounded front-vowel words) ending in a consonant
    -öt is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (causative suffix) Variants:
    -at is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    vár ("to wait") -> várat ("to have someone wait")
    -et is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    kér ("to ask for") -> kéret ("to have someone ask for; to summon someone [by ordering a servant to fetch him/her]")
    -tat is added to back vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    tisztít ("to clean") -> tisztíttat ("to have someone clean")
    -tet is added to front vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    keres ("to look for") -> kerestet ("to have someone look for")

Derived terms


See also


Latin

Pronunciation

Suffix

-at

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of -?

Maltese

Pronunciation

Suffix

-at

  1. Alternative form of -iet (noun plural suffix)

Usage notes

  • Regularly used after g?. Otherwise only in exceptional forms, though somewhat commonly after ? and q.

Northern Sami

Pronunciation

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Etymology 1

From Proto-Samic *-ë?kë.

Suffix

-at

  1. Forms adjectives indicating something that is possessed as a characteristic.
    guhkes juolgi ("long leg") + ‎-at -> ‎guhkesjuolggat ("long-legged")
Usage notes

This suffix triggers the weak grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

Inflection
Odd, no gradation
Attributive -at
Nominative -at
Genitive -aga
Attributive -at
Singular Plural
Nominative -at -agat
Accusative -aga -agiid
Genitive -aga -agiid
Illative -agii -agiidda
Locative -agis -agiin
Comitative -agiin -agiiguin
Essive -agin
Derived terms


Etymology 2

From Proto-Samic *-ët?, from Proto-Uralic *-eta. Related to Finnish -ea/-eä.

Suffix

-at

  1. Forms adjectives from stems, without any particular meaning. Often, the more basic stem is an adverb, the adjective's own attributive form, or has fallen out of use altogether.
Usage notes

This suffix triggers the strong grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

Inflection
Odd, no gradation
Attributive
Nominative -at
Genitive -ada
Attributive
Singular Plural
Nominative -at -adat
Accusative -ada -adiid
Genitive -ada -adiid
Illative -adii -adiidda
Locative -adis -adiin
Comitative -adiin -adiiguin
Essive -adin
Derived terms


Etymology 3

Suffix

-at

  1. Form of the suffix -a used with odd-syllable stems.
Inflection
Even a-stem, hk-g gradation
Nominative -at
Genitive -aga
Singular Plural
Nominative -at -agat
Accusative -aga -agaid
Genitive -aga -agaid
Illative -ahkii -agaide
Locative -agas -again
Comitative -again -agaiguin
Essive -ahkan
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person -ahkan -ahkame -ahkamet
2nd person -ahkat -ahkade -ahkadet
3rd person -ahkas -ahkaska -ahkaset

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin -atus

Suffix

-at n

  1. used to form nouns

Derived terms


References

  • "-at" in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • "-at" in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin -atus

Suffix

-at n

  1. used to form nouns

Derived terms


References

  • "-at" in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Norse

Alternative forms

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Suffix

-at

  1. indicates negation; does not

Derived terms


References

  • at in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.

Romanian

Etymology

From Latin -?tus, from Proto-Italic *-?tos.

Pronunciation

Suffix

-at m or n (feminine singular -at?, masculine plural -a?i, feminine and neuter plural -ate)

  1. Used with a stem to form the masculine singular past participle of regular -a (first conjugation) verbs.
    arunca ("to throw") + ‎-at -> ‎aruncat ("thrown")
    cânta ("to sing") + ‎-at -> ‎cântat ("to sung")

Declension

Derived terms


Related terms


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From German -at, first from direct loanwords, and later becoming productive on its own.

Suffix

-at (Cyrillic spelling -)

  1. Used on nominal and verbal stems of loanwords, rarely of native words, to build nouns of various meanings.
    1. Denoting a person.
      adrèsa -> adrès?t
      ?nija -> unìjat
      ?zija -> Azìjat
      Mìja -> Mìjat
      delegácija -> delèg?t
      kandidírati -> kandìd?t
    2. Denoting a room, building or field.
      dèk?n -> dekàn?t
      ekònom -> ekonòm?t
      kàl?f -> kalìf?t
      konzul -> konzùl?t
      màrl -> mar?alat
      pròtektor -> protektòr?t
      r?ktor -> rektòr?t
    3. Denoting an honor or service.
      d?ktor -> doktòr?t
      kon -> ?akòn?t
      l?ktor -> lektòr?t
      pàtr?n -> patròn?t
      nàdbiskup -> nadbiskùp?t
    4. Denoting collectivity.
      èpiskop -> episkòp?t
      làik -> laìk?t
      pàtr?c?j -> patricìj?t
    5. Denoting things.
      bikarbóna -> bikarbòn?t
      jod -> jòd?t
      separirati -> sepàr?t
    6. Denoting abstract notions.
      citírati -> cìt?t
      diktírati -> dìkt?t
      hìst?rija -> historìj?t

Derived terms


References

  • Stjepan Babi? (2002), Tvorba rije?i u hrvatskome knji?evnome jeziku, 3rd revised edition, HAZU: Zagreb, page 358

Volapük

Suffix

-at

  1. Used to indicate an amount

Derived terms


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