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Alternative forms

  • - (-ivat?)



- o (-yvat?)

  1. Used to form imperfective verbs from prefixed perfective verbs. Normally used with stems ending in paired non-palatal consonants, but occasionally found with stems ending in paired palatal consonants, with the consonant becoming non-palatal before this suffix.
     pf (otdélat?) ->  impf (otdélyvat?)
     pf (zapisát?) ->  impf (zapísyvat?)
    ? pf (srabótat?) ->  impf (srabátyvat?)
     pf (oprokínut?) -> ? impf (oprokídyvat?)
    ? pf (obxvatít?) ->  impf (obxvátyvat?)
     pf (zakatát?) ->  impf (zakátyvat?)
  2. Used to form frequentative verbs from non-prefixed verbs.
    ? (pisát?, "to write") + ‎- (-yvat?) -> ‎ (písyvat?, "to write repeatedly")
    ? (?itát?, "to read") + ‎- (-yvat?) -> ‎ (?ítyvat?, "to read repeatedly")


Usage notes

The frequentative and imperfectivizing suffixes are etymologically the same. The suffixes are used with verbs in - (-at?) and -? (-nut?) (in the latter case, the underlying root reappears, which may involve an extra consonant that was lost before the -?- of the verbal suffix). They are also used with some verbs in - (-it?). The spelling variant - (-ivat?) is used instead with verbs that end in root-final velars (? ? ?) and hushing consonants (? ? ? ?). The stress is drawn onto the syllable before the prefix, and an ? in that syllable usually changes into ?.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • - (-vát?)

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