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Ancient Greek

Etymology

From - (-sis, verbal noun suffix) or - (-tos, verbal adjective suffix) +‎ - (-kós, adjective suffix), occurring in some original cases and later used freely by metanalysis.

Pronunciation

 

Suffix

- o (-tikósm (feminine -?, neuter -); first/second declension

  1. Added to verbal stems to form adjectives: relating to, suited to, skilled in, able to, -ive
    (poié?, "to make") + ‎- (-tikós) -> ‎ (poi?tikós, "creative")
  2. Added to other stems to form adjectives, particularly those ending in vowels
    (éx?, "outside") + ‎- (-tikós) -> ‎ (ex?tikós, "foreign")
    -? (nau-s, "ship") + ‎- (-tikós) -> ‎ (nautikós, "seafaring")

Usage notes

Certain sound changes happen before the suffix, as before other derivational or inflectional suffixes beginning in ? (t). Labial stops ?, ?, ? (b, p, ph) become ? (p), dental stops ?, ?, ? (d, th, t) become ? (s), velar stops ?, ?, ? (g, k, kh) become ? (k).

  • ?- (blab-, "harm") + ‎- (-tikós) -> ‎?- → (blab-tikós → blaptikós, "harmful")
  • (peíth?, "persuade") + ‎- (-tikós) -> ‎?- → (peith-tikós → peistikós, "persuasive")
  • ?- (pr?g-, "do") + ‎- (-tikós) -> ‎?- → (pr?g-tikós → pr?ktikós, "pertaining to action")

Contracted verbs, which have stems ending in a vowel, use the long form of the vowel – this happens, for instance, in the example above: ?-? (poié-?)?- (poi?-tikós).

Declension

Derived terms


References

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), "Part III: Formation of Words", in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 858

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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