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From Proto-Iranian *x?áyati, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *k?áyati ("he rules, he has power over") (whence Sanskrit (k?áyati)), from Proto-Indo-European *tek- ("to gain power over, gain control over").
Likely a borrowing from Old Median, being a doublet of ? (x?aça-, "realm, province"). Cognate with Sanskrit (k?atrá, "might, power"), Avestan (x?a?ra, "kingdom"), Old Armenian (a?xarh), Ancient Greek ? (ktáomai, "to get, acquire").
- Middle Persian: ? (h)
- Persian: (?âh) (see there for further descendants)
- Tajik: (?oh)
- ^ Kent, Roland G. (1950) Old Persian: grammar, texts, lexicon, New Haven: American Oriental Society