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Korean

Etymology

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (? / ?), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: hota).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key)[ha?da?]
  • Phonetic Hangul[??]
Revised Romanization? hada
Revised Romanization (translit.)? hada
McCune-Reischauer? hada
Yale Romanization? hata
Audio

Verb

o (hada) (infinitive ? or , sequential )

  1. ...?
    1. to do
      ?? ??  
      haru bunui ireul hada
      to do a full day of work
      (file)
      ? ? . 
      Jega hal su isseoyo.
      I can do it.
      (file)
    2. to make; to arrange; to cook
      ?? ??  
      naeil meogeul babeul miri hada
      to cook rice ahead for tomorrow
      (file)
    3. to express feeling or attitude
      ? ?  
      eoduun eolgureul hada
      to wear a gloomy face
      (file)
    4. to take; to eat; to drink
      ??  
      sureul jomcheoreom haji anta
      to rarely drink alcohol
      (file)
    5. to wear
      ? ?  
      hwaryeohan gwigeorireul hago nagada
      to go out wearing a fancy earring
      (file)
    6. to work in/as; to operate
      ??  
      jogeuman otgagereul hada
      to run a small clothing store
      (file)
    7. to play a role; to take a responsibility for
      ?  
      haksaeng hoejang-eul hada
      to be the student body president
      (file)
    8. to get a result
      ? ?  
      baneseo ildeung-eul hada
      to be at top of one's class
      (file)
    9. to buy; to arrange
      ?  
      hyudaeponeul hana hada
      to buy a cell phone
      (file)
    10. to reach a certain price
      ? ? ?? ? ?  
      jip han chaee sip eogina handa
      That house is as much as a billion won.
      (file)
    11. (in the form of '... ') to meet an expectation
      ? ?. 
      Bapgapseun haeyaji.
      I will be worthy of food. (I will work.)
    12. (in the form of 'A B ? ? ') to say separately
      ? ? ?? . 
      Eoreun ai hal geot eopsi modu deultteo itda.
      Everyone is excited regardless of age.
  2. ...? --?
    1. to handle; to dispose
      ? ? ?? 
      I sagibeomeul eotteoke halkkayo?
      What to do with this swindler?
  3. ...? ...
    1. to make become; to cause to become
      ? ?  
      yeojareul anaero hada
      to make a woman become one's wife
    2. to head; to face
      ?  
      meorireul bukjjogeuro hago jada
      to sleep with the head northward.
    3. to decide
      ?  
      naeil dasi mannagiro hada
      to decide to meet again tomorrow
  4. ...? --?
    1. to call; to name
      ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? '' . 
      Dareun malgwa tteusi gateun mareul dong-uieo rago handa.
      We call a word which means the same with another word a 'synonym'.
  5. ...
    1. (in the form of '' or '') to be caused by
      ? ?? ? ?. 
      I illo hayeo geuneun jungjinggyereul badatda.
      Due to this incident, he got heavily disciplined.
    2. (in the form of '' or '') to go via
      ? ? . 
      Busaneuro haeseo ilbone gal saenggagida.
      I'm going to visit Japan via Busan.
  6. See below:
    1. (in the form of '...? ') to reach a certain time
      12? ?? ?? ??. 
      12si banjjeum haeseo galge.
      I'll be there around 12:30.
    2. (in the form of '... ') to make something a topic
      ?? . 
      Maekju hamyeon yeoksi dogirida.
      To say about beer, Germany is the best.
  7. --?
    1. to say, to talk
      ???  
      jamkkan swijago hada
      to say "Let's take a rest a bit!"
    2. (in the form of '', often '--? ' being shorten to '--' or '--?') to be that
      ??? ? ?. 
      Jamkkan swijaneun sorie naneun geunyeoreul dorabwatda.
      Hearing a voice saying "Let's take a rest a bit!", I looked back to her.
  8. Other uses:
    1. (after enumerating verbs) to do, actually not doing either of them well
      ?? ?  
      anjatdaga seotdaga hada
      to alternate between sitting down and standing up
    2. (after an indirect question) to think
      ? ? ?. 
      Geuga mueol boneun-ga haetdeoni manhwachaegieotda.
      I wondered what he was reading to find it was a comic.
    3. (in the form of '--? --? ') to say
    4. (in the form of '--? ') to do, emphasizing inevitability
      ?? ?? . 
      Sswatda hamyeon myeongjung-ida.
      Every time he shoots, it hits the mark.
    5. (after a word descripting sound) to sound
    6. (after a quotation not followed by any marker) to say
      "!" ?. 
      Geuneun geuman! Hago oechyeotda.
      "Stop!", he yelled.
    7. (in front of a sentence, in the form of '', '', '', '', ' ', and '') 'but', 'so', 'then', 'thus', 'by the way', and 'therefore' respectively.
  9. (auxiliary)
    1. (after verb or adjective, in the form of '--? ') to make sb/sth do
      ?  
      aiege sukjereul hage hada
      to have a child do the homework
        • cf.
          ? ? ??. 
          Aiga sukjereul handa.
          A child does the homework.
      ? ??  
      geureuseul kkaekkeuthage hada
      to make a dish clean
        • cf.
          ? . 
          Geureusi kkaekkeuthada.
          A dish is clean.
    2. (after verb or adjective, in the form of '-- ') to wish that
      ? ?? ? ??. 
      Naneun yeoreume biga deol naeryeosseumyeon handa.
      I wish that it rained less in summer.
    3. (after verb or adjective, in the form of '-- ') to have to do
      ? ??. 
      Modeun jaeryoneun eonjena sinseonhaeya handa.
      All ingredients should always be fresh.
      . 
      Chareul suribadaya hamnida.
      I need to get my car repaired.
      ? . 
      Jeong-o jeone chekeuaut haeya hamnida.
      I'll have to check out before noon.
    4. (after verb, in the form of '--??(?) ' or '-- ') to intend to
      ? ? ??. 
      Ibeon jumareneun yeonghwareul boryeogo handa.
      I'm going to watch a movie this weekend.
    5. (in the form of "verb stem + '--?' + semantic marker + ' ') to do, with an emphasis
      ??? ??. 
      Geuneun jagiman handa.
      He only sleeps.
    6. (after verb, in the form of '--? ') to do, as a cause
      ?? ?? ?? ??. 
      Nundo ogo haeseo iljjik watda.
      'Cause it snows, so I came early.
    7. (after verb, in the form of '-- ' or '--? ') used to do
      ? ? ??, ? ?? . 
      Sigore sal jeoge, naneun dorang-eul ttara geotgon haetda.
      When I lived in countryside, I used to walk along a ditch.
    8. (after adjective, in the form of '--') to feel that sb/sth is
      ? . 
      Geuneun sonnyeoreul mopsi gwiyeowohaetda.
      He loved his granddaughter very much.

Usage notes

(hada) is a productive suffix for creating verbs and adjectives from Korean nouns. For example,

? (mal, "word, language") -> (malhada, "to talk")
(beonyeok, "translation") -> ? (beonyeokhada, "to translate")
(sarang, "love") -> ? (saranghada, "to love")

Conjugation

Synonyms

  • (haenghada, "to do")
  • (samda, "to make; to cause to become")
  • (masida, "to take; to eat; to drink")

Adjective

o (hada) (infinitive ? or , sequential )

  1. (in the form of "adjective stem + '--?' + semantic marker + ' ') to be, with an emphasis
  2. (after adjective, in the form of '--? ') to be, as a cause

Middle Korean

Etymology

First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum eonhae (? / ?), 1446, as Middle Korean  (Yale: hata). Suspected to have same root with (keuda, "big")

Adjective

(hata)

  1. many; big
    • ?
      ? ?? ?
      mochomnay cey ptut-ul sile phyeti mwotholq nwom-i hanila
      ...many of them in the end cannot state their concerns.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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