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See also: ?
U+9BC9, 鯉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9BC9

Translingual

Han character

Stroke order
18 strokes
Stroke order (Japan)
18 strokes

? (radical 195, ?+7, 18 strokes, cangjie input ? (NFWG), four-corner 26314, composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 1471, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46182
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2003, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4691, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9BC9

Chinese

Glyph origin

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *r): semantic ? ("fish") + phonetic ? (OC *r).

Etymology

Schuessler (2007) considers connection to Proto-Tai *pla:? ("fish") to be unlikely.

Norman (2014) compares it to Proto-Kam-Tai *mbl?i ("carp"), suggesting that it may be an early loan from Chinese; compare Thai ("common carp"), Lakkia [script needed] (-plai?, "carp").

See the entry for the figurative senses.

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. carp, especially the common carp
  2. (figuratively) messenger
  3. (figuratively) letter; correspondence

Synonyms

Compounds

  • /
  • /
  • /
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  • ?/?
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  • /
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  • ?/?
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  • ?/?
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  • ?/?
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  • /
  • /
  • / (j?nl?)
  • /
  • / (shu?ngl?)
  • / (shu?ngl?yú)
  • /
  • /
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  • /
  • /
  • / (L?x?)
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  • /
  • / (l?yú)
  • /
  • / (língl?)
  • /
  • /
  • ?/?
  • /
  • / (lóngl?)

Japanese

Kanji

?

("Jinmeiy?" kanji used for names)

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (ri)
  • Kan-on: ? (ri)
  • Kun: (koi, ?) (kofi, historical)

Compounds

Etymology

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
?

Jinmeiy?
kun'yomi

/ko1pi1/ -> /kopi/ -> /kofi/ -> */kowi/ -> /koi/

From Old Japanese, attested in the Nihon Shoki.

Pronunciation

Noun

?() o (koi (historical kana )

  1. carp, specifically, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Usage notes

  • As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as .

Synonyms

Derived terms

See also

Proper noun

?() o (Koi (historical kana )

  1. a surname​.

References

  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? o (ri>i) (hangeul ?>?, revised ri>i, McCune–Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

? ()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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