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See also: ?

Translingual

Stroke order
10 strokes
Stroke order
?-order.gif

Alternative forms

Han character

? (radical 189, ?+0, 10 strokes, cangjie input ? (YRBR), four-corner 00227, composition ????)

  1. Kangxi radical #189, ?.

Derived characters

See also

References

  • KangXi: page 1451, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45313
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1979, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4593, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9AD8

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ?
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • ? (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • ? (Cantonese)
Stylized form of ?, emblem of Kaohsiung

Glyph origin

Pictogram () - a picture of a building. Compare to ?.

Etymology

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m/s-gaw ("head"). However, ? (OC *?on, "head") instead is more likely to be related to this Proto-Sino-Tibetan root given its significant semantic agreement (Schuessler, 2007).

Likely allofams are ? (OC *?rew, "tall"), and perhaps ? (OC *?u:?, "vast") (although the vowels do not agree).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. tall; high
    ????? / ?????  -  Zhè zuò sh?n tèbié g?o.  -  This mountain is especially tall.
    ?? [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    saang1 dak1gou1 ge3 neoi5 zai2 [Jyutping]
    a tall girl
    ?????? [Cantonese, trad.]
    ?????? [Cantonese, simp.]
    m4 hou2 baai2 dak1 gam3gou1 laa1. [Jyutping]
    Don't put it so high.
  2. of high level; above average
    ??? / ???  -  h?n g?o de jiàgé  -  high price
    ???  -  g?o tángliàng  -  high sugar content
    ? / ?  -  g?oxuèy?  -  high blood pressure
    ??? / ???  -  h?n g?o de bi?ozh?n  -  very high standard
  3. loud
    ??  -  g?og?  -  to sing loudly
  4. (honorific) your
  5. A surname​, Gao (surname)

Synonyms

Antonyms

  • (tall): ? (?i, "short")
  • (high): ? (d?, "low")

Descendants

  • -> English: Gao, Kao

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:?() (k?)
  • -> Korean:? (?, go)
  • -> Vietnamese: cao (?)

Japanese

Alternative forms

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. tall
  2. high

Readings

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

?() o (taka

  1. maximum, the limit
Idioms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
on'yomi

Prefix

?() o (k?-[3]

  1. high, higher
?()?()?()
k?-gakureki
high academic achievement; higher education
?()()
k?-gashitsu
high image quality

References

  1. ? 1.01.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ? 2.02.1 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN
  3. ^ Yoshiro Kojima, Shigeru Takebayashi, Keisuke Nakao, and Hideo Masuda, editors (2005) Luminous Japanese-English Dictionary, second edition, Kenkyusha

Korean

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (nopeul go))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("high, tall").

Compounds


Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: cao (?(c?)?(lao)?(thi?t))[1][2][3][4]
?: Nôm readings: cao[1][2][3][4][5][6], sào[3][7][6], kiêu[1]

  1. Hán t? form of cao ("high; tall").
  2. Nôm form of sào ("pole; stick").

Compounds

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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