Stroke order (Hong Kong)
Han character ? ( radical 187, ?+0, 10 strokes, ? ( cangjie input SQSF), four-corner 7132, 7 composition ?? ? ? ?)
Kangxi radical #187, . ?
Index:Chinese radical/? ?( ?), ?( ?), ?( ?), ?( ?), ?( ?), ?( ?), ?, ?( ?), ?( ?), ?( ?), ?( ?), ?( ?), ?, ?, ?( ?), ?/ ?( ?), ?( ?), ?( ?)
page 1433, character 1 Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44572
Dae Jaweon: page 1956, character 34
Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4539, character 1
Unihan data for U+99AC
) - a horse with its head facing the left, showing a flowing mane in the wind. In the bronze inscriptions, the head was often simplified into an eye ( ). The legs eventually evolved into four dots ( ? , unrelated to ? ).
("deer"), which saw a very different development, and ? (as in ? ), which is a hybrid: it has the legs of ? ? ( ) but the head of ? .
"Horse" - from
Proto-Sino-Tibetan . The sense of "big" is derived from "horse"; compare the English uses of *k-m-ra? ~ s-ra? .
For the insect prefix sense, see
. It has converged with the sense of "big".
The surname is popularly known to be prevalent among
Hui Muslims, where it is likely derived from Arabic ( mu?ammad, " Muhammad " ).
horse ( Classifier: ? ; m / ? ? m ) c
( chess ) knight
( xiangqi ) knight; horse (on the black side)
Original form of / ? ( ? , "chip for counting"). m?
big ( prefix for nouns )
/ ?? - ?? - ladle ( m?sháo big spoon)
( Southwestern Mandarin , including Sichuan ) to bully
( Sichuan ) to keep a straight face
Prefix for names of insects, also written as . ?
Short for / ( ). M?z?
Short for / ? ( ? ). M?láix?yà
surname. / ? ? ? - ? ? ? - M? Y?ngji? (President of the Republic of China (Taiwan), 2008-2016) Ma Ying-jeou ( ~ ? ) Ma (a village in , Dongsong , Luoning , Luoyang , Henan ) China
Dialectal synonyms of
-> Japanese: ? ( ? ) ( ba )
-> Korean: ( ? , ? ma) -> Vietnamese: mã ( , ? " ( xiangqi ) horse; ( chess ) knight " )
-> Tai: *ma:? ( " horse " ) Bouyei:
max ( " horse " ) Lao:
( m?, " horse " ) Lü:
( maa 2 ) Shan:
( mâ?a, " horse " ) Thai:
( máa, " horse " ) Zhuang: max ( " horse " ) -> Thai: ( bée, " horse " ) ( via Teochew )
Stroke order (Japan)
grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji horse
? ( ) ? ( ) ( ushiuma ): a small breed of horse, extinct since 1947
? ( ) ? ( ) ( umiuma ): seahorse
? ( ) ? ( ? ) ( gy?ba ): oxen and horses, beast of burden
? ( ) ? ( ? ) ( kaiba ): seahorse; walrus; hippocampus
? ( ? ) ? ( ? ) ( kaba ): hippopotamus, a hippo
? ( ) ? ( ) ( shimauma ), ? ( ) ? ( ) ( shimauma ): zebra
? ( ) ? ( ? ) ( senba ): gelding
? ( ? ) ? ( ? ) ? ( ? ) ( asebi ), ? ( ? ) ? ( ) ? ( ) ( basuiboku ): Japanese andromeda
? ( ) ? ( ) ( umazura ): a horseface, a very long face; horse-faced, very long-faced
? ( ? ) ? ( ? ) ( baka ): a fool, an idiot; foolish, idiotic, stupid
? ( ? ) ? ( ) ? ( ) ( bakajikara ): incredible strength; incredibly strong
? ( ? ) ? ( ) ( bakyaku )
? ( ? ) ? ( ? ) ( bagu ): horse harness, horse tack
? ( ? ) ? ( ) ( baken )
? ( ? ) ? ( ? ) ? ( ) ? ( ) ( baji t?f? )
? ( ? ) ? ( ) ( basha ): horse-drawn carriage, wagon or cart ? ( ? ) ? ( ) ( bary? ): horse feed
): a pair of
. Old Japanese Recorded in the  Nihon Shoki as having been brought over from the Korean peninsula kingdom of Baekje, with the earlier reading of ma. The initial m sound was apparently emphasized,  possibly similar to  *mma, becoming then uma or muma, via processes also seen in the word ? ( ume, mume, " plum " ).
ma sound denoting "horse" is common to a number of languages of central Asia, where horses were first domesticated, suggesting a possible cognate root. Compare Manchu ( morin, " horse " ), Mongolian ? ( mor?, " horse " ), Korean ? ( mal, " horse " ), Mandarin ? ( m?, " horse " ), and Proto-Indo-European *márkos ( " horse " ) and descendants such as Irish marc ( " horse ", archaic ) or English mare ( " female horse " ). More at .
? ( ) o ( ) ( uma counter )
( shogi ) a promoted bishop a sawhorse: a four-leg stand made of wood or iron for supporting other materials
uma form, becoming more common starting from the Heian Period. This change later reverted, and muma is now considered obsolete.
? ( ) o ( )
muma ( obsolete ) a horse
Middle Chinese ( ? ).
MC m?a X
? ( ? ) o ( )
? ( ) ? ( ? ) keiba horse racing
? 1.0 1.1
1988, (in Japanese), () (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) T?ky?: Shogakukan
? 2.0 2.1
2006, , Third Edition (in Japanese), ( ) Daijirin T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
1998, (in Japanese), NHK ( ) NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN
? ( eumhun ? ? ( mal ma )) ? ( eumhun ? ? ( seong ma ))
horse (in compounds)
( , macha, "horse-drawn carriage") ( , gyeongma, "horserace")
?: readings: Hán Vi?t ( mã ? ( m?c ) ? ( h? ) ) ? ( thi?t )      ?: readings: Nôm m?a      ,  mã     ,  m?   ,  m?a   ,  m?  ,  m? ,  ng?a 
Middle Chinese ( ? , " MC m?a X horse").
Noun ? o ( )
Hán t? form of mã ( " horse " ). Hán t? form of mã ( " ( xiangqi ) a knight; any piece labeled with ? " ).
? o ( )
m?a Nôm form of m?a ( " excessive " ).
? o ( )
m?a Nôm form of m?a ( " ( dialectal ) don't " ).
Etymology 4 Noun ? o ( )
Nôm form of m? ( " tomb; grave " ). 1916, Nguy?n ?ình Chi?u, [ L?c Vân Tiên ( ) ], lines 921-922: Tale of L?c Vân Tiên ? ( ti?u ) ? ( ng ) ? ( ch?ng ) ? ( k?p ) ? ( h?i ) ? ( han ) ? ( n?m ) ? ( l?n ) ? ( bên ) ? ( m? ) ? ( khóc ) ? ( than ) ? ( b?i ) ? ( h?i ) Before the page has a chance to pay a visit, He throws himself down upon the grave, crying, lamenting, fretting.
? o ( )
m? Nôm form of m? ( " to open " ).
Etymology 6 Noun ? o ( )
ng?a Alternative form of ? ( " Nôm form of ng?a ( " horse " ). " )