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See also: ?

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 170, ?+9, 12 strokes, cangjie input (NLAMH), four-corner 76227, composition ???)

Derived characters

Related characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1355, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41725
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1859, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4144, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+967D

Chinese

Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Western Zhou
Bronze inscriptions
?-bronze.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *la?) and ideogrammic compound (): semantic ? ("hill") + phonetic ? (OC *la?, "sunshine") - sun shining on a hill.

Etymology

Either Sino-Tibetan or a Mainland Southeast Asian (MSEA) Wanderwort; compare Burmese ? (lang:, "bright"), Lepcha [script needed] (a-ló?, "reflective light"), Thai (bplàng, "bright; shiny") (Schuessler, 2007).

STEDT provisionally sets up Proto-Kuki-Chin *klaa?-I, klaan-II ("shine; light; bright") and compares it to the following:

  • ? (OC *la?, "sunshine")
  • ? (OC *kra, "bright; scenery")
  • ? (OC *kra?s, "mirror")
  • ? (OC *ra?s, "bright")
  • ? (OC *kja?, "brilliant, splendid; rule; emblem; display (v.)")

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. (philosophy) "male" principle; yang in yin-yang
  2. light
  3. +positive
  4. sun
    ?? / ??  -  tàiyáng  -  the Sun
  5. male genitals
    ?? / ??  -  yáng  -  penis
  6. open; overt
    ?? / ??  -  yángg?u  -  open drain, ditch
  7. south side of mountain or north side of river
  8. A surname​.

Antonyms

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:?() (y?)
  • -> Korean:? (?, yang)
  • -> Vietnamese: dng (?)

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 3 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. the sun
  2. yang (in contrast to yin)

Readings

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Noun

?(?) o (hi

  1. Alternative spelling of ?: sun, sunshine

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC j).

Pronunciation

Affix

?() o (y? (historical kana )

  1. sun; sunlight; light
  2. yang (in yin-yang)
  3. positive; plus; male
  4. open; overt

Noun

?() o (y? (historical kana )

  1. yang (in yin-yang)
  2. open (visible space)
    ?()??()? - in ni y? ni - openly and covertly; implicitly and explicitly

References

  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Etymology

From Middle Chinese ? (MC j). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: yang) in Hunmong Jahoe (? / ?), 1527.

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

? (eumhun ? ? (byeot yang))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("sky; the sun; sun light; morning").
  2. Hanja form? of ? ("male; yang (in contrast to yin)").

Compounds

References

  • ( ) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, ?/?. [1]

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: dng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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