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See also: ?, ?, and ?

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 170, ?+8, 11 strokes, cangjie input (NLOII), four-corner 78231, composition ???)

Derived characters

Related characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1353, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41691
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1855, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4138, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9670

Chinese

trad. ?
simp. ?
alternative forms ?
?

Glyph origin

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r(u/i)m ("dark; shade; dusk; twilight"); compare Tibetan (rum, "darkness"), Jingpho rim ("to be dusk") (Benedict, 1972; Bodman, 1980; STEDT).

Schuessler (2007) compares it instead to Burmese ? (um., "to become overcast"), Adi mugyum ("shade; shadow"), Lepcha [script needed] (so-dy?m, "shade").

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. cloudy; overcast
  2. dark
  3. +hidden; secret
  4. +negative
  5. + the Moon
  6. shade; shadow
  7. (philosophy) "female" principle; yin in yin-yang
  8. (Cantonese) bangs; fringe
  9. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    ??,??????! [MSC, trad.]
    ??,??????! [MSC, simp.]
    H?o wa, n? g?n g?n w? wánr y?n de! [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  10. (dialectal) to deceive; to trick; to trap
    ??????? [dialectal Mandarin, trad.]
    ??????? [dialectal Mandarin, simp.]
    W? j?nrge ràng rén g?i y?n le. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  11. genitalia (of humans)
  12. north side of mountain or south side of river

Antonyms

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

  1. hidden
  2. dark
  3. negative

Readings

  • Go-on: (on) (on, historical) (omu, ancient)
  • Kan-on: (in, J?y?) (in, historical) (imu, ancient)
  • Kun: (kage, ?, J?y?); (kageru, , J?y?); (kurai, ); (hoto, ?)

Compounds

Synonyms

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

?() o (kage)

  1. shadow, shade
    ? (?)?? ()
    ki no kage
    a shadow of a tree
  2. hidden side
    ? ()?? ()?? ()?
    kage de ugoki mawaru
    maneuver in a hidden side
    ? ()?? (?)? ()? ()
    kage no shihaisha
    a hidden ruler
See also

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (i?m).

Pronunciation

Affix

?() o (in)

  1. shade; shadow
  2. shadow of the sun; (figuratively) time
  3. secret; unknown
  4. genitalia
  5. negative; "female"; quiescent; minus
  6. (philosophy) yin
  7. north side of mountain; south side of water
  8. the moon

Noun

?() o (in)

  1. (philosophy) yin
  2. (literary) shady area; () in the shade; secretly; in private

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

/hoto2/: *[pot?] -> [?oto] -> [hoto]. As indicated in the Wamy?sh? citation, /to2/ may be related to ? (/to1/, "place, location"), but the phonological difference can not be explained. Perhaps related to Korean (poji, "vagina").

Pronunciation

Noun

?() o (hoto)

  1. female genitalia
    • 712, Kojiki
      ?
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • 712, Kojiki
      ??
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  2. (by extension) male genitalia
Synonyms
  • (bebe)
  • (hehe)
  • (manko)
  • (mito)
  • ? (omanko)
  • (omeko)
  • (ososo)
  • (tsubi)

References

  1. ? 1.01.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ? 2.02.1 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Alternative forms

Etymology 1

From Middle Chinese ? (MC i?m). Recorded as Middle Korean ?/? (Yale: um) in Hunmong Jahoe (? / ?), 1527.

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

? (eumhun ? (geuneul eum))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("dark; shady").
Compounds

Etymology 2

Related to Middle Chinese ? (MC mH, "dark; gloomy").

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (chimmukhal am))

  1. (archaic) Hanja form? of ? ("to be silent").
Synonyms
  • ? (? (geum))
  • ? (? (eum))

References

  • ( ) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, ?/?. [1]

Okinawan

Kanji

? (hiragana , romaji h?)

Compounds

  • (?, h?m?, "vagina")

Etymology

Cognate with Japanese ? (hoto).

Noun

? (hiragana , romaji h?)

  1. female genitalia

References

  • (Okinawago Jiten, "Okinawan Dictionary")[2], 1963

Vietnamese

Han character

? (âm, ?m)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds


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