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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 169, ?+9, 17 strokes, cangjie input (ANYTA), four-corner 77601, composition ???)

  1. close, shut
  2. dark, dismal

References

  • KangXi: page 1338, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41421
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1843, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4309, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+95C7

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ? nonstandard simplified

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *q?:ms): semantic ? + phonetic ? (OC *qr?m).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds

  • /
  • (ànruò)
  • /
  • /

References


Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

  1. dark, darkness

Readings

  • Go-on: (on) (on, historical) (omu, ancient)
  • Kan-on: (an) (an, historical) (amu, ancient)
  • Kun: (yami, ?, J?y?); (kurai, )

Compounds

Usage notes

Added to the j?y? kanji list on 30 November 2010; previously classified as jinmeiy? kanji.

See also

  • ? (T?y? character written in place of this character)

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Ultimate roots uncertain. May be cognate with (yamu, "to be ill"), (yamu, "to stop, to quit"), (yomi, "land of the dead").

Pronunciation

Noun

? () o (yami)

  1. the dark, darkness

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (m, "dark").

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Noun

? () o (an)

  1. darkness, the dark
  2. a dark place
  3. (Buddhism) darkness, as a metaphor for worldly desires

References

  1. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN
  2. ? 2.02.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? o (am) (hangeul ?, revised am, McCune–Reischauer am, Yale am)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

? (ám)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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