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See also: ?

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 167, ?+14 in Chinese, ?+15 in Japanese, 22 strokes in Chinese, 23 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input ? (CSIT) or ? (CSMT), four-corner 88117, composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 1325, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40988
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1826, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4267, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9451

Chinese

Glyph origin

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *kra:m, *kra:ms, *kra:ms): semantic ? ("metal") + phonetic ? (OC *kra:m, *kra:ms)

Definitions

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("mirror; to inspect, to examine; etc.").
(This character, ?, is a variant form of ?.)

Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: (ken) (ken, historical) (kemu, ancient)
  • Kan-on: (kan, J?y?) (kan, historical) (kamu, ancient)
  • Kun: (kangamiru, , J?y?); (kagami, ?)
  • Nanori: (aki); (akira); (kata); (kane); (shige); (nori); ? (mi); (miru)

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi
Alternative spelling ?

From Old Japanese.

Extension of ? (kagami, "mirror"), as such objects are usually seen as reflected like a mirror.[1]

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji kagami)

  1. an example, exemplar, model, pattern
    Synonyms: (kikan), (tehon), (mohan)
Derived terms

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Kagami)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kan'on
Alternative spelling ?

/kam/ -> /kam?/ -> /ka?/

From Middle Chinese ? (MC k?amH).

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji kan)

  1. a kind of ancient Chinese bronzeware
  2. an example, exemplar, model, pattern

Affix

? (hiragana , r?maji kan)

  1. example, exemplar
  2. model, pattern
  3. inspect, examine
  4. evaluate
Derived terms

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Kan)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?
Grade: S
nanori

Nominalization of the stem of adjective (akiraka, "clear").

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Akira)

  1. a male or female given name

References

  1. ? 1.01.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? o (gam) (hangeul ?, revised gam, McCune–Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old Japanese

Etymology

Extension of ? (kagami1, "mirror"), as such objects are usually seen as reflected like a mirror.[1]

Noun

? (kagami1) (kana )

  1. an example, exemplar, model, pattern
    • c. 759, Man'y?sh? (book 20, poem 4465), text here
      ...?...
      ...mi1ru pi1to2 no2 kataritugi1tete ki1ku pi1to2 no2kagami1 ni semu wo...
      All who see will pass it down, all who hear will make it as a mirror.[2]

Descendants

  • Japanese: ? (kagami)

References

  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ^ Paula Doe (1982) A Warbler's Song in the Dusk: The Life and Work of ?tomo Yakamochi (718-785), illustrated edition, University of California Press, ->ISBN, page 225

Vietnamese

Han character

? (giám, gng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

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