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See also: ?, ?, and ?

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 165, ?+1, 8 strokes, cangjie input (BD), four-corner 20904, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1290, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40116
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1790, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3898, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+91C7

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (). Two forms can be found in oracle bone script:

  1. ? ("hand") + ? ("fruit") - a hand (?) picking fruits from a tree (?).
  2. ? ("hand") + ? ("tree") - a hand (?) picking from a tree (?).

The current glyph is of composition 2.

Etymology 1

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. to pick
  2. to choose
  3. to collect
  4. to exploit
  5. to gain
  6. to accept
    alt. forms: ? (1~6)
  7. thing
  8. official position
  9. currency
  10. tomb
  11. color
    alt. forms: ?, ?
  12. colored cloth
    alt. forms: ?, ?
  13. literary talent
    alt. forms: ?
  14. luster
    alt. forms: ?
  15. beautiful in words but poor in contents
  16. complexion
  17. expression; spirit
    ?/? (xìngg?oc?iliè)
  18. wager
  19. oak
  20. to drag
  21. to heed
    alt. forms: ?, ?, ?
  22. vine
  23. A surname​.
Compounds

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. fief
    alt. forms: ?, ?
  2. Alternative form of ? (cài).
Compounds
  • (càidì)
  • (càiyì)

Etymology 2

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("to select; to choose; to pick; to pick; to pluck").
(This character, ?, is the simplified form of ?.)
Notes:

Etymology 3

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("variegated colors; rich and bright colors; literary grace or grace in art; variety; gracefulness; brilliance; etc.").
(This character, ?, is the second-round simplified form of ?.)
Notes:

Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

  1. a die, dice

Readings

  • Go-on: (sai, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (sai, J?y?)
  • Kun: (toru, )

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji sai)

  1. a die, dice

Korean

Hanja

? o (chae) (hangeul ?, revised chae, McCune–Reischauer ch'ae, Yale chay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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