Get %E9%80%A3%E7%94%A8%E5%BD%A2 essential facts below. View Videos or join the %E9%80%A3%E7%94%A8%E5%BD%A2 discussion. Add %E9%80%A3%E7%94%A8%E5%BD%A2 to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.



Compound of (ren'y?, "attaching to an inflecting word", where ? (y?) is short for (y?gen, "inflecting word")) +‎ ? (kei, "form").[1][2]



?()?()?() o (ren'y?kei

  1. (grammar) an inflectional category: the continuative or stem form for verbs, the adverbial form for adjectives
    This is the base form after which various conjugational endings are added, such as ? (te) or (masu). See Appendix:Japanese verbs for more details.

Usage notes

As a term describing an inherently Japanese grammatical form, is sometimes simply transliterated. When rendered into English, the term has been translated different ways by different authors. Alternate glosses include:

Related terms


  1. ^ 1988, () (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan
  2. ? 2.02.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, ? (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  • Sandness, Karen (1999) The Evolution of the Japanese Past and Perfective suffixes, Center for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan, ->ISBN, pages 3, 12, 42, others
  • Henderson, Harold Gould (1948) Handbook of Japanese Grammar, Houghton Mifflin Co., page 12
  • Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Volume 6, University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies, 1932, page 643

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes