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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 149, ?+7, 14 strokes, cangjie input (YRCRU), four-corner 08616, composition ???)

Derived characters

Related characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1164, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35556
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1629, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 6, page 3979, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8AAA

Chinese

trad. ?/?
simp. ?
variant forms ???

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
? *lo:ds
? *l'o:ds, *lo:ds, *hljods, *lod, *lod
? *lo:ds, *lod
? *lo:ds
? *lo:ds, *hljods
? *l'o:ds
? *l'o:ds
? *l'o:ds, *lods
? *st?ods, *hljods
? *hljods
? *hljods, *hljod, *lod
? *hljods
? *rt?o:d
? *lo:d, *l'o:d
? *lo:d
? *lo:d, *l'o:d
? *lo:d, *l'o:d
? *lo:d, *?ljod, *lu:d
? *l'o:d
? *l'o:d
? *l'o:d
? *lod, *lod
? *lod

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *hljods, *hljod, *lod): semantic ? + phonetic ? (OC *l'o:ds).

Etymology

All of the pronunciations of this character are in the same word family derived from a root *lo meaning "to loosen; to relax" (Schuessler, 2007). STEDT compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g/s-lwat ("free; release; slip; dislocate").

Pronunciation 1 is derived by causative devoicing of ? (OC *lod, "to relax; to be delighted") (pronunciation 3).

Pronunciation 2 is probably the exoactive of pronunciation 1.

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. to say; to speak
    ? / ?  -  shu? Hàny?  -  speak Chinese
    ?? / ??  -  shu?huà  -  to speak
  2. to explain
    ??? / ???  -  b? huà shu? q?ngch?  -  to make it clear
  3. to refer to
  4. to discuss
  5. to introduce; to bring parties together
    ?? / ??  -  shu?méi  -  to act as a matchmaker
  6. to criticize; to scold; to upbraid
    ????? [MSC, trad.]
    ????? [MSC, simp.]
    N? z?nme ti?nti?n d?u shu? w [Pinyin]
    Why do you constantly criticize me?
  7. theory; explanation
    ?? / ??  -  xuéshu?  -  theory
Synonyms

Compounds

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. to persuade; to canvass; to lobby
  2. (Quanzhou Hokkien) to swindle; to defraud; to cheat out of

Compounds

Pronunciation 3

Definitions

?

  1. +Alternative form of ?/? (yuè, "happy; delighted").

Compounds

Pronunciation 4

Definitions

?

  1. +Alternative form of ?/? (tu?, "to free; to relieve").

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(uncommon "Hy?gai" kanji)

  1. opinion
  2. theory
  3. explanation
  4. rumor

Readings

  • On (unclassified): (setsu), (zei), (etsu)
  • Kun: (toku)

Usage notes

This character lacks essential JIS support and is not used in Japanese. The character ? (U+8AAC) is used instead.


Korean

Hanja

? o (seol, se, yeol) (hangeul ?, ?, ?)

  1. explain
  2. speak
  3. talk

Vietnamese

Han character

? (thuy?t)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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