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See also: ?

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 149, ?+6, 13 strokes, cangjie input (YRGDI), four-corner 04641, composition ???)

Derived characters

Related characters

Further reading

  • KangXi: page 1157, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35427
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1622, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3961, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8A69

Chinese

trad. ?
simp. ?
alternative forms ?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *hlj?): semantic ? ("speech") + phonetic ? (OC *lj?s) - poetry is a form of language, speech.

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. poem; verse; ode; poetry (Classifier: ? m)
  2. Short for / (Sh?j?ng, "Classic of Poetry").

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? (?) (shi)
  • -> Korean:? (?, si)
  • -> Vietnamese: thi (?)

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 3 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. poetry, poem
  2. (archaic) Chinese-style poetry
  3. modern Japanese poetry

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (shi, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: ? (shi, J?y?)
  • Kun: (uta, ?); (utau, ) (utafu, historical)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ).

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji shi)

  1. poem
  2. verse of poetry
  3. (poetry) Chinese poetry
  4. Short for ("Shijing, the Book of Odes").
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 3
kun'yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see the following entry at ?.
[noun](music) a song
[noun](poetry) poetry
(This term, ?, is an alternative kanji spelling of ?.)

References

  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Etymology

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ). Recorded as Middle Korean ? (Yale: si) in Hunmong Jahoe (? / ?), 1527.

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

? (eum ? (si))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("poetry; poem").
  2. Hanja form? of ? ("verse").

Compounds

References

  • ( ) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, ?/?. [1]

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: thi (?(thân)?(chi)?(thi?t))[1][2][3][4][5]
?: Nôm readings: th?[1][2][3][6][4][5][7], thi[1][2][4][7]

  1. Hán t? form of thi ("poetry; poem").
  2. Nôm form of th? ("poetry; poem; verse").

Compounds

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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