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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 144, ?+9 in Chinese, ?+10 in Japanese, 15 strokes in Chinese, 16 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input (HODQN), four-corner 21227, composition ????)

References

  • KangXi: page 1109, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34073
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1574, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 845, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+885B

Chinese

trad. ?/?
simp. ?
alternative forms ?
?

Glyph origin

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *ads): semantic ? + phonetic ? (OC *l).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. to guard; to protect; to defend
  2. security guard
  3. (~?) State of Wey during the Zhou dynasty
  4. Short for / (wèish?ng, "hygiene; health").
  5. Short for / (wèish?ngji?n, "toilet; bathroom").
  6. (astronomy) satellite (in satellite names)
  7. A surname​.

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 5 "Ky?iku" kanjishinjitai kanji, ky?jitai form ?)

  1. defense
  2. protection

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (e)? (we, historical)
  • Kan-on: (ei, common) (wei, historical)
  • Kun: (mamoru, ); (mamori)

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 5
kan'on

From Middle Chinese ? (MC iu?iH).

The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation

Affix

? (hiragana , r?maji ei, historical hiragana )

  1. defend; protect; guard

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Ei, historical hiragana )

  1. (historical) Wey (state)

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 5
goon

From Middle Chinese ? (MC iu?iH).

The goon pronunciation, so likely the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation

Affix

? (hiragana ?, r?maji e, historical hiragana ?)

  1. (rare) defend; protect; guard

Etymology 3

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Mamoru)

  1. A male given name

Korean

Hanja

? (eum ? (wi))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: v?

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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