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Translingual

Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 144, ?+0, 6 strokes, cangjie input (HOMMN), four-corner 21221, composition ???)

  1. Kangxi radical #144, ?.

Usage notes

? itself is also used as a radical (in addition to ?); unusually for radicals, the phonetic is placed in the middle - with ? on the left and ? on the right - corresponding to the phonetic originally being placed at the middle of the intersection.

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1108, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34029
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1570, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 811, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+884C

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Pictogram () - a street intersection.

Originally symmetric, it has been simplified asymmetrically; the left half ? is widely used as a radical, while the right half ? finds occasional use, and the character can be broken up as ? + ?, though originally it was not a compound.

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. (literary or dialectal) to walk
  2. to go; to move
  3. to carry out; to execute
  4. to perform (a salute)
  5. OK; good
    ?,???? / ?,????  -  Xíng, jiù zhème dìng le.  -  OK, it's a deal.
  6. to be good; to work
    ???? / ????  -  W? juéde zhè f?ngf? xíng.  -  I think this will work.
  7. to be good (opposed to bad) (usually in negative sentences, or with ?)
    ???? / ????  -  W? chéngjì bù xíng.  -  I have bad grades.
  8. to be able to do something (usually mentioned before)
    • ?????,???? [MSC, trad.]
      ?????,???? [MSC, simp.]
      T? néng sì f?nzh?ng p?o y? g?ngl?, w? bù xíng. [Pinyin]
      He can run a kilometer within 4 minutes. I can't (do that).
Usage notes

Notice that when meaning "be able to do something", ? can only be used without a complement. This is different from ? (néng, "to be able to (do something)").

Compounds

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. profession; industry; trade; business
  2. place for specific transaction
    ?? / ??  -  yínháng  -  bank [lit. money store]
    ? / ?  -  zh?b?oháng  -  jewellery store
  3. line of objects; row
  4. (Mainland China) row (in data tables)
  5. (Taiwan) column (in data tables)

Compounds

Pronunciation 3

Definitions

?

  1. behaviour; conduct

Compounds

Pronunciation 4

Definitions

?

  1. skill from monk training
    ??  -  dàohéng  -  monk training

Pronunciation 5

Definitions

?

  1. +Used in ("bold; staunch; strong").
  2. Used in / ("row of trees").

References


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC æ?). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kan'y?on pronunciation, possibly influenced by the goon pronunciation below.

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji gy?, historical hiragana )

  1. a line of text
  2. (mathematics) a row of a matrix
  3. (calligraphy) Abbreviation of ("semi-cursive script").

Suffix

? (hiragana , r?maji -gy?)

  1. a row (vertical line) in the goj?on table, which consists of kanas that have or historically have a same consonant
    ?? ()?? ()
    sa-gy? u-dan
    row sa, section u (of consonant /s/ and vowel /u/)
Coordinate terms

Etymology 2

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC æ?). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The goon pronunciation, so likely an earlier borrowing.

  • For the "formations" definition, translation of Sanskrit ? (sa?sk?ra)
  • For "austerities", translation of Sanskrit (cary?)
  • For "walking", translation of Sanskrit (gamana)

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji gy?, historical hiragana )

  1. (Buddhism) sa?kh?ra: formations, mental activity; one of the (goun, "five skandhas")
  2. (Buddhism) cary: austerities; practice or discipline for enlightenment (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  3. (Buddhism) gamana: manner of going forward or walking (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  4. (by extension, rare) going, travelling
Usage notes

The "going, travelling" definition is superseded by below.

Synonyms
See also

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Gy?)

  1. A surname​.
  2. A unisex given name

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC , æ?, H, æ?H). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kan'on pronunciation, so likely the later borrowing.

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji k?, historical hiragana )

  1. going; travelling (UK), traveling (US)
  2. type of classical Chinese verse (usually an epic)
  3. (archaic) merchant's association; guild
  4. bank (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji K?)

  1. A unisex given name

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
on'yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Affix

? (hiragana , r?maji an)

  1. journey; travel
  2. carry around

Etymology 5

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Cognate with (kudari, "downward-going").[1]

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji kudari)

  1. vertical row
  2. vertical line

Suffix

? (hiragana , r?maji -kudari)

  1. used to count lines of sentences (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Etymology 6

Various nanori readings.

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Akira, alternative reading , r?maji Susumu, alternative reading , r?maji T?ru, alternative reading , r?maji Makoto)

  1. A unisex given name

? (hiragana , r?maji Aruki)

  1. A place name

? (hiragana , r?maji An, alternative reading , r?maji Iku, alternative reading , r?maji Itaru, alternative reading , r?maji Yukue)

  1. A female given name

? (hiragana , r?maji Tsutomu, alternative reading , r?maji Tsuyoshi)

  1. A male given name

? (hiragana , r?maji Yuki)

  1. A place name
  2. A surname​.
  3. A female given name

References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (danil haeng))

  1. movement

? (eumhun ? (hangnyeol hang))

  1. degree of familial relation

Compounds

  • (movement):
  • (degree of relation):

Vietnamese

Han character

? (hàng, h?nh, hành, hãng)

  1. company, firm
  2. (archaic) to go, to travel (on a long journey).

Compounds


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