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Translingual

Han character

? (radical 142, ?+3, 9 strokes, cangjie input (LIM), four-corner 51110, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1076, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32830
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1545, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2834, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8679

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Small seal script
?-oracle.svg ?-seal.svg

Originally pictographic () in the oracle bone script. The ancient Chinese regarded the rainbow as a two-headed creature.

In the seal script, it has become a phono-semantic compound (, OC *kro:?s, *ko:?s, *?o:?): semantic ? ("insect; creature") + phonetic ? (OC *ko:?).

Etymology

Probably non-Sino-Tibetan; compare Proto-Mien *klu ("rainbow"), Thai ? (rúng, "rainbow"), Zhuang duzdoengz ("rainbow"), saidoengz ("rainbow") (Schuessler, 2007).

Benedict (1986) and Carr (1990) relate this to ? (OC *b·ro?, *mro:?, "dragon") and ? (OC *?o:?, "red").

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. rainbow (Classifier: ?/? m; ? m)
    ??  -  c?ihóng  -  rainbow
    ????  -  Ti?nshàng ch? jiàng le.  -  There's a rainbow in the sky.
  2. (literary, figuratively) bridge
Synonyms

Compounds

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. + to fester
  2. Only used in .

Pronunciation 3

Definitions

?

  1. A county in modern Anhui

Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (gu); (g?); (k?)
  • Kan-on: (k?) (kau, historical); (k?)
  • Kun: (niji, ?, J?y?)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
? (niji, nuji, noji): a rainbow.
Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

?nizi? -> /ni?i/

From Old Japanese,[1] attested as man'y?gana form in the (Wamy? Ruijush?) of c.931-938 and in the (Konk?my? Saish-ky? Ongi) of 1079. May be a shift from earlier nuji or noji readings (see below).

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Noun

? () o (niji)

  1. a rainbow
     (?)? ()? ()? ()?? ()
    Harusame ga yanda totan ni, utsukushii niji ga arawareta.
    Just as the spring shower passed, a beautiful rainbow appeared.
Synonyms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

?nuzi? -> /nu?i/

From Old Japanese[1], attested in the ? (Kitano-bon Nihon shoki) of the late Heian period.[3] May be a shift from earlier noji (see below); compare Okinawan (nu:?d?i) and Miyako (nudz?).

Pronunciation

Noun

? () o (nuji)

  1. (dialect, possibly obsolete) a rainbow

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

?no1zi? -> /no?i/

From Old Japanese, appeared in the Man'y?sh? of 759 CE as an eastern dialectal variant.[1][3][4]

Cognate with Okinawan (nu:?d?i) and Miyako (nudz?).

Pronunciation

Noun

? () o (noji)

  1. (obsolete) a rainbow

References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 1988, () (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  3. ? 3.03.1 () - [1], accessed 2019-01-21
  4. ^ c. 759, Man'y?sh? (book 14, poem 3414), text available here

Korean

Hanja

? o (hong, gang)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): ?, ?
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. rainbow

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: h?ng[1]
?: Nôm readings: v?ng[1]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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