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See also: ?

Translingual

Stroke order
11 strokes

Han character

? (radical 140, ?+8, 11 strokes, cangjie input (TBD), four-corner 44904, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1038, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31184
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1496, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3236, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+83DC

Chinese

trad. ?
simp. # ?
alternative forms ? second round simplified
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • ? (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • ? (Cantonese)
  • ? (Gan)
  • chhoi (Hakka)

Glyph origin

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *s:s): semantic ? ("grass; plant") + phonetic ? (OC *s:?).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. vegetable; greens (Classifier: ?/? c)
    ??  -  sh?cài  -  vegetables
    ??  -  báicài  -  Chinese cabbage
    ??  -  b?cài  -  spinach
  2. cuisine; (type of) food
    ?  -  rìb?n cài  -  Japanese food
  3. dish; course (Classifier: ?/? m; ? m)
    ????? / ?????  -  Zhè dào cài h?n duìwèik?u.  -  This dish is tasty.
    • ????,?????? [MSC, trad.]
      ????,?????? [MSC, simp.]
      M?i cì t? lái zhèr, t? d?u di?n tóngyàng de cài. [Pinyin]
      Whenever he comes to this place, he orders the same dish.
    • ?????? [MSC, trad.]
      ?????? [MSC, simp.]
      W? zài k?ol? w? w?nfàn zuò shénme cài. [Pinyin]
      I'm wondering what to cook for dinner.
  4. (colloquial) (one's) type; cup of tea
    • ?????!  -  T? shì w? de cài!  -  He is my type!
  5. (colloquial) bad; inferior; disappointing; below average
    ?? / ??  -  càini?o  -  noob
    ?????  -  W? h?o cài a.  -  I'm so inferior [to others].

Synonyms

Compounds

Further reading


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 4 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. greens; vegetables
  2. rape (Brassica napus); rapeseed
  3. side dish

Readings

  • Go-on: (sai, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (sai, J?y?)
  • Kun: ? (na, ?, J?y?)

Compounds


Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji na)

  1. greens

Derived terms

References

  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? o (chae) (hangeul ?)

  1. An edible plant or leaf of plant. greens; vegetables

Vietnamese

Han character

? (thái, th?y, linh, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

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