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See also: and

Chinese

phonetic
trad. (/) ?/? ?
simp. () ? ?
Wikipedia has articles on:

Etymology

Phono-semantic matching of Dutch Tayouan or Tayowan or Taiouwang. Officially, no later than 1684 with the creation of Taiwan Prefecture (). Derived from a phonetic transliteration of the Dutch term "Tayowan" / "Tayouan" (and other variants), which is thought to be derived from an ethnonym of the Taivoan tribe in the area of Anping, Tainan, southwest Taiwan. A Dutch missionary referred to this group as Taiouwang no later than 1636. Other phonetic transliterations in Chinese characters included , , , and .

Possibly derived from Siraya tayw ("man") and an ("place").

Pronunciation

Proper noun

  1. (~?) Taiwan (island)
    ? / ?  -  Táiw?n yuánzhùmínzú  -  Taiwanese aborigines
    /   -  Táiw?n wénxué zhu?ntí  -  special topics on Taiwanese literature
  2. (~?) Taiwan Province (administrative division in both the Republic of China and People's Republic of China)
  3. (~) Taiwan Strait
  4. (informal) Alternative term for ?/? (Zh?nghuá Mínguó, "Republic of China (after 1949)").

Usage notes

  • Although use of the full traditional form ? is encouraged by the ROC Ministry of Education, the alternate traditional form ? is now more commonly used in Taiwan, and is the standard in Hong Kong.[1]

Derived terms

  • ?/? (y?uyù de Táiw?n w?gu?)
  • / (G?ng-Ào-Tái)
  • ?/? (tái)
  • // (táiw?nrén)
  • // (Táiw?n Gu?ngfùjié)
  • //
  • ?/?/? (Táiw?n H?ixiá)
  • // (Táiw?n Huánj?ngzhì)
  • ?/?/? (Táiw?n d?ngjú)
  • // (táiw?nhuà)
  • //
  • ?/?/? (Táiw?n huángyáng)

Descendants

Sino-Xenic ():
  • -> Japanese:?()?() (Taiwan)
  • -> Korean: (, Daeman)
  • -> Vietnamese: ?ài Loan ()

Others:

  • -> Arabic: (t?yw?n)
  • -> Armenian: (T?ayvan)
  • -> Bulgarian: (Tajvan)
  • -> Burmese: (htuing-wam)
  • -> Catalan: Taiwan
  • -> Czech: Tchaj-wan, Taiwan
  • -> Dutch: Taiwan
  • -> English: Taiwan
    • -> Korean: (Taiwan)
    • -> Portuguese: Taiwan
  • -> French: Taïwan
  • -> Manchu: (taiwan)
  • -> Persian: (Tâyvân)
  • -> Polish: Tajwan
  • -> Russian: ? (Tajvan?)
  • -> Spanish: Taiwán
  • -> Tibetan: (tha'e wan)
  • -> Turkish: Tayvan
  • -> Zhuang: Daizvanh

See also

  • ?/? (Zh?nghuá Mínguó)
  • ?/? (Zh?nghuá Táib?i)

References

  1. ^ Shih Hsiu-chuan (14 December 2010) , "Premier respects 'choice' on spelling", in Taipei Times[1], retrieved 8 January 2015

Japanese

Proper noun

?()?() o (Taiwan (ky?jitai, shinjitai )

  1. Ky?jitai form of

Korean

Hanja in this term
??

Proper noun

o (Daeman) (hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of ("Taiwan").

Vietnamese

Hán t? in this term
??

Proper noun

  1. Hán t? form of ?ài Loan ("Taiwan").

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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