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Han character

? (radical 118, ?+8, 14 strokes, cangjie input ? (HJRR), four-corner 88777, composition ???)


  • KangXi: page 889, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26162
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1316, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2986, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7BA1


simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *ko:n?): semantic ? ("bamboo") + phonetic ? (OC *ko:n).




  1. (music) a cylindrical double-reed woodwind instrument made of bamboo or wood
  2. (music, by extension) any wind instrument
  3. (by extension) slender tubular hollow object; pipe; tube; duct; canal; valve; fistula
    ??  -  x?gu?n  -  straw
  4. +writing brush
  5. Classifier for tube-shaped objects.
  6. to administer; to manage; to control; to be in charge
    ??  -  gu?nl?  -  to manage
  7. to subject someone to discipline; to discipline
  8. to concern oneself with; to interfere with
  9. to be responsible for the provision of; to provide; to supply; to guarantee
  10. despite; regardless of; irrespective of
  11. (colloquial) used in the pattern ?......?...... ("to call (someone the name of)"), where ? is followed by the object of the verb
  12. (dialectal, colloquial) indicates the object of an action: to
  13. A surname​.





(grade 4 "Ky?iku" kanji)


Etymology 1

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4

From Middle Chinese ? (ku?nX, "pipe, tube").



? (hiragana , r?maji kan, historical hiragana )

  1. pipe
  2. a wind instrument

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4

From Old Japanese ? (kuda, "pipe, tube").[2][1][3]


Alternative forms

  • ? (rare)


? (hiragana , r?maji kuda)

  1. a pipe or tube, such as that made of bamboo, wood, metal, or rubber
  2. a shuttle for weaving with a loom (from the way the earliest shuttles were made from bamboo tubes)
  3. the central axis of a spindle for winding the thread
  4. short for (kuda no fue), a kind of small pipe or flute used for signalling during a battle, similar to a fife
  5. an agricultural tool, used to gather up cut rice stalks
  6. short for (kudagitsune), a kind of mythical fox roughly the size of a weasel, that would live in bamboo stalks and make prophecies of the future


  1. ? 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, () (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan
  3. ^ 1995, (Daijisen) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan, ->ISBN



? o (gwan) (hangeul ?, revised gwan, McCune–Reischauer kwan, Yale kwan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.


Han character

? (qu?n)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

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