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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Stroke order
11 strokes

Han character

? (radical 118, ?+5, 11 strokes, cangjie input ? (HNLH), four-corner 88227, composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 881, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25943
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1308, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2959, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7B2C

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *di:ls): semantic ? ("bamboo") + phonetic ? (OC *di:l?, *di:ls).

? here refers to the bamboo strips used for writing (e.g. accounting, classification) in ancient times. See also ?.

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Definitions

?

  1. sequence; number
  2. grade; degree
  3. (historical) rank in the imperial examinations
  4. Ordinal number marker, used before a number to make the number ordinal.
    ??  -  'èr  -  second
    ??  -  shí  -  tenth
    ??  -  ?nquán y?  -  safety first
  5. A surname​.

Compounds

Etymology 2

Contraction of (dai6 ji6, "second").

Definitions

?

  1. (Cantonese) different; another; other
Compounds
  • /
  • /
  • /

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? () (dai)
  • -> Korean:? (?, je)
  • -> Vietnamese: (?)

Others:

  • -> Khmer: (tii)

Further reading


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 3 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: (dai, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (tei)
  • Kun: (tsuide, ); (yashiki, ?); (tada)

Alternative forms

  • (ryakuji) ? [U+3427]

Prefix

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 3
on'yomi

? (hiragana , r?maji dai-)

  1. ordinal marker, often with affix ?
    ? ()2? ()
    dai-ni g?
    The 2nd
    ? ()13? ()
    dai-j?san wa
    Chapter 13

Compounds


Korean

Hanja

? o (je) (hangeul ?, revised je, McCune–Reischauer che, Yale cey)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

? ()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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