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Translingual

Han character

? (radical 113, ?+9, 13 strokes, cangjie input (IFMRW), four-corner 31266, composition ???(GHTJV) or ???(K))

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References

  • KangXi: page 845, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1265, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2404, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+798F

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • ? (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • ? (Cantonese)

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *p): semantic ? + phonetic ? (OC *p?r, *b).

Etymology

Proto-Sino-Tibetan [Term?]. Cognate with ? (OC *ps, "rich"), Tibetan (phyugs, "livestock").

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. blessing; happiness; prosperity
  2. (literary) to bless
  3. good fortune
  4. Short for (Fújiàn, "Fujian").
  5. A surname​. Fu.

Synonyms

  • (blessing): (xìngfú)
  • (good fortune):

Antonyms

  • (blessing): (literary, or in compounds) ?/? (huò)

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:?() (fuku)
  • -> Korean:? (?, bok)
  • -> Vietnamese: phúc (?), phc (?)

Compounds

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. + to store; to garner
  2. + to conform to; to fit in with

References


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 3 "Ky?iku" kanjishinjitai kanji, ky?jitai form )

  1. good fortune, good luck

Readings

  • Go-on: (fuku, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (fuku, J?y?)
  • Kun: ? (saiwai, )? (saifafi, historical)
  • Nanori: (saki); (sachi); (taru); (toshi); (tomi); ? (fu); (fuki); (boku); (mura); (moto); ? (yo); (yoshi)

Compounds

Etymology

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 3
on'yomi
Alternative spelling
(ky?jitai)

From Middle Chinese ? (MC p?uk?).

Pronunciation

Noun

?() o (fuku

  1. good luck, good fortune
    Synonym: (k?un)
    Antonym: ? (ka)
  2. happiness
  3. (Shinto, Buddhism) a blessing

Derived terms

Adjectival noun

?() o (fuku-na (adnominal ?()? (fuku na), adverbial ?()? (fuku ni))

  1. wealthy

Inflection

Proper noun

?() o (Fuku

  1. a placename
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

References

  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? ? (bok bok))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("fortune").

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: phúc, phc, Phúc

  1. happy
  2. fortunate
  3. blessing

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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