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Translingual

Stroke order
?-order.gif
Stroke order (Japan)
8 strokes

Alternative forms

Note the different forms, which differ in two respects: both Simplified and Traditional do not have a left vertical stroke, while the orthodox form has a left vertical stroke; and in simplified form, the top component is connected with the bottom, while in the orthodox they are separated - this last difference is shared with unrelated characters ? and ?. The older form and stroke order are used in Japan and Korea.

Han character

? (radical 109, ?+3, 8 strokes, cangjie input ? (JBMM), four-corner 40716, composition ?????(GH) or ?????(TV) or ?????(JK))

Derived characters

See also

References

  • KangXi: page 800, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23136
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1215, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 61, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+76F4

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Oracle bone script: Ideogrammic compound (): ? ("eye") + ? ("vertical stroke") - vertical stroke above the eye; looking straight ahead.

The line on the side appears in bronze script and subsequently stretched under the ? shape, while the traditional form appears in seal script.

Etymology

"simply; only"
According to Schuessler (2007), cognate with ? (OC *d?:?, "single"). Also compare Darmiya taku ("one").
"straight; right"
According to STEDT, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-tjak/? ~ tik/? ("good; very; real; straight"), which also includes ? (OC *tje?, "first (lunar month)"), ? (OC *tje?s, "straight; correct"), ? (OC *tje?s, "government; rule") and ? (OC *?li?, "solid; true"). Cognates include Tibetan ? (tig tig, "certainly"), Mizo dik ("correct"), Proto-Lolo-Burmese *N-d(y)ak ("truly; very; intensitive"). An allofam is probably ? (OC *t?:?, "virtue") (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. straight; linear; undeviating
  2. to straighten
  3. vertical; upright; erect
  4. honest; fair
  5. straightforward; forthright; frank
  6. directly; straight
    ??  -  zhí  -  to go directly to
  7. intentionally; deliberately
  8. +only; just
    Synonyms: ? (zh?)
    ?????,????? [Classical Chinese, trad. and simp.]
    From: Mencius, circa 4th century BCE
    Zhí bù b?i bù ?r, shì yì z?u y?. [Pinyin]
    They just did not run a hundred paces; yet they also ran away.
  9. (Chinese calligraphy) vertical stroke in Chinese characters
  10. +Alternative form of ? (zhí, "to be worth").
  11. constantly
  12. (slang) straight; heterosexual

Compounds

References


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. straight

Readings

Compounds

Etymology

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Sound change from jiki.[1]

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Prefix

? (hiragana , r?maji jika-)

  1. directly

Synonyms

Related terms

References

  1. ^ 1995, (Daijisen) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? o (jik) (hangeul ?, revised jik, McCune–Reischauer chik, Yale cik)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Miyako

Kanji

?


Vietnamese

Han character

? (tr?c, ch?c, s?c)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yaeyama

Kanji

?

  • Kun: (, sïgu)

Yonaguni

Kanji

?

  • Kun: (, chingu)

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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