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See also: ?

Translingual

Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 101, ?+0, 5 strokes, cangjie input (BQ), four-corner 77220)

  1. Kangxi radical #101, ?.

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 755, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21703
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1166, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 97, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7528

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Pictogram (): a water bucket. Compare ?.

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *z(j)um ~ *zu?, provisionally set up by STEDT. Cognates to ? (OC lo?) and ? (OC lo?), outside Sinitic, Southern Bai zv³¹ ("to use") Burmese (sum, "to use"), Ersu zi ("to use"), Sichuan Yi ? (ssi, "to use"), Pa'o Karen [script needed] (s, "to use").

Sun (1999) and Schuessler (2007) consider this word a cognate to Tibetan ? (longs, "use")

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. to use; to employ; to operate
    • ?????? / ??????  -  N? huì bù huì yòng diànn?o?  -  Can you use a computer?
    • ?????? / ??????  -  W? yòng h?imián lái x? shu?.  -  I used a sponge to draw the water.
  2. use; utility; usefulness
    • ??  -  y?uyòng  -  useful
    • ?? / ??  -  méiyòng  -  useless
  3. (honorific) to eat; to drink
  4. expenses; outlay
    • ?? / ??  -  fèiyòng  -  cost, expense
    • ??  -  yòng  -  expense
    • ??  -  ji?yòng  -  family expenses
  5. with; by; using
    • ?? / ??  -  yòng ch?zi ch? d?ngxi  -  to eat with a fork
    • ??? / ???  -  W? yòng kuàiz? ch?fàn.  -  I eat food with chopsticks.
    • ????? [MSC, trad.]
      ????? [MSC, simp.]
      W? yòng sh? m?bù c? zhu?z?. [Pinyin]
      I wash the table with a wet cloth.
    • ????? [MSC, trad.]
      ????? [MSC, simp.]
      W? l?op?n yòng xìng ch?ngh? w?. [Pinyin]
      My boss calls me by my last name.

Synonyms

  • (to use):

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: (y?)
  • Kan-on: (y?, J?y?)
  • Kun: ? (mochiiru, , J?y?)? (motiwiru, historical)

References

  • New Nelson: 3721
  • Halpern: 2976
  • Halpern Learners: 1889
  • Heisig: 1181
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2r3.1
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Usage notes

Formerly used as man'y?gana for the back-vowel variant () of ?, romanized as yo1.

Noun

?() o (y?

  1. use (noun)
    ?(?)?()??()??()??(?)?()
    jigy? no y? ni ky? shite iru shisan
    assets provided for business use
  2. a task, business, an errand
    ?()?()?()?(?)?
    Konban y? ga aru kara dekakeru.
    I'll be out this evening because I have an errand.

Suffix

?() o (-y?

  1. for the use of, for the purpose of
    ?(?)?()?()?()?()??()?(?)?()?
    kateiy? sekken, sanpoy? no b?tsu
    soap for household use, boots for [the purpose of] walking

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? ? (sseul yong))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("use").

Compounds

  • (, yongdal)
  • (, yongdo)
  • (??, yongdon)
  • (, yongnyang)
  • (, yongnye)
  • (, yongmu)
  • (, yongbeop)
  • (, yongbyeon)
  • (, yongbyeong)
  • (, yongsu)
  • (, yong-eo)
  • (, yong-eon)
  • (, yong-yeok)
  • (, yong-ui)
  • (, yong-in)
  • (, yongji)
  • (, doyong)
  • (, muyong)
  • (, sayong)
  • (, seonyong)
  • (, agyong)
  • (, oyong)
  • (, yuyong)
  • (, yuyong)
  • (, iyong)
  • (, chayong)
  • (, hwaryong)

Vietnamese

Han character

? (d?ng, dùng, giùm, rùng, d?ng, ng, giùng, r?ng, vùng)

  1. to use
  2. to eat or drink

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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