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See also: ?, ?, and ?

Translingual

Stroke order
5 strokes
Stroke order
?-order.gif
Stroke order
(Japan)
?-jorder.gif

Alternative forms

  • ? (When used as a radical component)

Han character

? (radical 96, ?+0, 5 strokes, cangjie input (MGI), four-corner 10103, composition ??? or ???)

  1. Kangxi radical #96, ?.
  2. Shu?wén Ji?zì radical No6

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 726, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20821
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1100, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7389

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ?
?

Glyph origin

The character's shape was historically very similar to ?; a dot was introduced to differentiate the two.

Pictogram (): a picture of a cong (?), a sort of ritual jade totem.

It is also interpreted as three pieces of jade strung together on a string.

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. jade (originally nephrite, now also including jadeite)
  2. precious stone; gem
  3. pure; beautiful
  4. (honorific) your

Synonyms

  • (jade): (Min Nan)

Hyponyms

  • (jade): ?/? (qióng) (precious jade, esp. red jade)

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. gem, jewel
  2. beauty, elegance
  3. euphemistic term related to an Emperor of Japan
  4. euphemistic term related to a partner
  5. geisha

Readings

  • Go-on: (goku)
  • Kan-on: (gyoku, J?y?)
  • Kun: (tama, ?, J?y?)
  • Nanori: (oku); (kiyo); (hikaru)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Alternative forms

  • ?, ?
  • (bullet): ?
  • (gem): ?

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji tama)

  1. any spherical or similarly-rounded object:
    1. a ball
    2. a orb
    3. a sphere
    4. a bead of an abacus
    5. lens
      Synonym: (renzu)
    6. a bullet
    7. an egg, especially of a chicken
      Synonyms: (keiran); ?, (tamago)
  2. a gem, jewel
  3. an object of value
  4. a female entertainer (geisha, prostitute, etc.)
  5. (colloquial) Short for (kintama): testicles
Derived terms

Prefix

? (hiragana , r?maji tama-)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived terms

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Tama)

  1. a place name
  2. a female given name

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
yut?yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ok?).

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji gyoku)

  1. a gem, jewel
  2. generic name for jadeite or nephrite
  3. chicken eggs used as food, especially as a topping for sushi
    Synonym: (keiran)
  4. a stock being traded
  5. Short for (tategyoku): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  6. a geisha
    Synonym: (geisha)
  7. Short for (gyokudai): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived terms
Idioms

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
yut?yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji gyoku)

  1. (shogi) king
Derived terms

References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (guseul ok))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds


Vietnamese

Han character

? (ng?c)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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