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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
?-order.gif

Alternative forms

  • ? (U+725C) - Used as a left radical component (not a standalone character)
  • ? (U+2F5C) - Kangxi radical cow
  • ? (U+2EA7) - CJK radical cow (used as a top component)

Han character

? (radical 93, ?+0, 4 strokes, cangjie input (HQ), four-corner 25000, composition ???)

  1. Kangxi radical #93, ?.
  2. Shu?wén Ji?zì radical No19

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 697, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19922
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1108, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1800, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+725B

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Pictogram ().

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *?wa.

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. cow; bull; ox; buffalo (general name for bovine animals) (Classifier: ?/? m; ?/?; ?/?)
  2. beef
    ?? / ??  -  g?nch?o niú  -  beef chow fun
  3. stubborn; pigheaded
  4. (colloquial) arrogant
  5. (Mandarin, slang) awesome; powerful
    ??  -  niúb?  -  [vulgar] awesome
    ??  -  niúrén  -  an awesome person
  6. (astronomy) the Ox, a Chinese constellation near Capricorn
  7. (physics) Short for / (niúdùn, "newton").
  8. A surname​.

Synonyms

  • (beef): (niúròu)
  • (awesome):

Compounds

Further reading


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. cow, ox, cattle

Readings

Compounds

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , katakana , r?maji ushi)

  1. cow, bull, ox, cattle
    • 1999 November 18, "???? [Bull Jinn]", in Vol.6, Konami:
      ? ()?? (?)?? ()?? (?)? ()?? (?)?? (?)?? ()? ()? ()? ()?
      Mori ni sumu ushi no majin. Tsuno o tsukidashi tosshin shite k?geki.
      A bovine jinn who resides in the woods. He'll charge at you and stick you with his horns.
    • 1999 December 1, " [Minotaurus]", in BOOSTER 6, Konami:
      ? ()?? (?)??? ()? ()? (?)? ()?? ()
      Sugoi chikara o motsu ushi no kaibutsu. Ono hitofuri de nani demo nagitaosu.
      A bovine monster with tremendous power who chops up anyone in his way with one ax swing.
  2. beef
Derived terms
Usage notes

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as .

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (ngjuw, "cow").

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji gy?, historical hiragana )

  1. cow, bull, ox, cattle
  2. beef
  3. (astronomy) Ox

References

  1. ? 1.01.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ? 2.02.1 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? o (u)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): ? (McCune–Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
    • Name (hangeul): ?
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds


Okinawan

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

Etymology

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji ushi)

  1. cow, cattle

Derived terms

References

  • "" in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • "" in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

Vietnamese

Han character

? (ng?u, ng?, ng?, ngõ, ngâu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yonaguni

Kanji

? (hiragana , romaji uchi)

Noun

? (hiragana , romaji uchi)

  1. cow, cattle

References

  • "" in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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