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Chinese

Chinese; name of a dynasty; man
 
letter; symbol; character; word
trad. () ? ?
simp. () ? ?
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • hàn-j? (Min Nan)
/ (hànzì): Chinese characters, showing the Traditional Chinese script on the left, and Simplified Chinese script on the right.

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. Chinese character; Han character; hanzi
    • ?:???,?????,???,?? [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      ?:"??,?????,???,???" [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: 1343-1345, ?·? (History of Jin)
      Xi?nz?ng yu?: "M?irì xi?n jiào hànzì, zhì sh?n shí hànzì kè bì, jiào n?zhí xi?o zì, xí guócháo y?." [Pinyin]
      Xi?nz?ng said: "Every day first teach hanzi, until 3-5pm when hanzi class ends. Teach the Jurchen people small characters, and they will learn the language of this dynasty."
    • ,???,??,????,???????,???? [MSC, trad.]
      ,???,??,????,???????,???? [MSC, simp.]
      From: 1934, (Lu Xun) ?? (Han character and its Latinization)
      Bùcuò, hànzì shì g?dài chuán xiàlái de b?obèi, dàn w?men de z?xi?n, b? hànzì hái yào g?, su?y? w?men gèng shì g?dài chuán xiàlái de b?obèi. Wéi hànzì ér x?sh?ng w?men, háishì wéi w?men ér x?sh?ng hànzì ne? [Pinyin]
      Yes, Chinese characters are a treasure passed down from antiquity, but our ancestors are even more ancient, so we are more so a treasure passed down from antiquity. Will we sacrifice Chinese characters for our sake, or will we sacrifice ourselves for the sake of Chinese characters?

Synonyms

  • / (zh?ngguózì)
  • (zh?ngwénzì)
  • / (Min Nan)
  • (Cantonese)
  • / (guózì)
  • / (Min Nan)

Derived terms

  • ?/? (héguóhànzì)
  • / (hànzì wénhuàqu?n)
  • / (hànzìcí)

Descendants

Sino-Xenic ():
  • -> Japanese:() (kanji)
  • -> Korean: (, hanja)
  • -> Vietnamese: Hán t? ()

Others:

  • -> English: hanzi
  • -> Indonesian: honji
  • -> Mongolian: ? (hanz), (qan?i)
  • -> Russian: (xan?czý)
  • -> Thai: (hân-j)

See also

  • / (fánt?zì)
  • / (ji?nt?zì)

Japanese

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

Kanji in this term
? ?

Grade: 3
?
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound (MC h?nH d?z?H, literally "Han Chinese + character"). Compare modern Mandarin / (hànzì), Min Nan / (hàn-j?).

Pronunciation

Noun

() o (kanji)

  1. kanji

Usage notes

Literally meaning "Chinese character", kanji are ideographic or logographic characters used in Japan, mostly borrowed directly from Chinese. This includes some characters created in Japan from originally Chinese elements ( (kokuji)), and other characters that were modified over time into distinctly Japanese forms ( (shinjitai)). Contrast with (kana), uniquely Japanese phonetic characters derived either from cursive forms of kanji ( (hiragana)) or from specific parts of kanji ( (katakana)).

Synonyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Descendants

See also

References

  1. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, ? (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja in this term
??

Noun

o (hanja) (hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of ("Chinese character; hanja").

Derived terms

  • (, hanja-eo)

Okinawan

Etymology

Kanji in this term
? ?

Grade: 3
?
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Attested in the ? (Okinawa Goten, "Okinawan Dictionary") as .[1]

Noun

(hiragana , r?maji kanji)

  1. Chinese character

References

  1. ^ 1896: ? (Okinawa Goten, "Okinawan Dictionary"). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/28

Vietnamese

Hán t? in this term
??

Noun

  1. Hán t? form of Hán t? ("Chinese character").

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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