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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Stroke order
0 strokes

Han character

? (radical 83, ?+1, 5 strokes, cangjie input (RVP), four-corner 77747, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 598, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17028
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2131, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C11

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Pictogram () - an eye pierced by a dagger. This may be interpreted as ? (OC *mra:?, "blind") or "slave < to enslave by blinding".

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-mi(j)-n ("people, man, human being").

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. people; citizens
    ?? / ??  -  guómín  -  citizen
  2. folk; popular
    ?? / ??  -  mínyáo  -  folk song
  3. member of an ethnic group
  4. person of a particular occupation
  5. civilian

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? () (min)
  • -> Korean:? (?, min)
  • -> Vietnamese: dân (?)

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 4 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. nation, peoples

Readings

  • Go-on: (min, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (bin)
  • Kun: (tami, ?, J?y?)
  • Nanori: (tami); (hito); ? (mi); (mitami); (moto)

Compounds

Etymology

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 4
kun'yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see the following entry at .
[noun]citizen
(This term, ?, is a kanji spelling of .)

Korean

Hanja

? o (min)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): ? (McCune–Reischauer: min, Yale: min)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: baekseong, McCune–Reischauer: paeks?ng, Yale: paykseng)
  1. (): the people, the populace, the nation

Compounds

  • (, min-ga)
  • (, min-gan)
  • (, min-gwon)
  • (, mindo)
  • (, minnan)
  • (, minbak)
  • (, minbeop)
  • (, minbyeong)
  • (, minsa)
  • (, minsaeng)
  • (, minseon)
  • (, minsok)
  • (, minsim)[1]
  • (, minyeong)
  • (, minyo)
  • (, minwon)
  • (, minui)
  • (, minjeong)
  • (, minjok)
  • (, minju)
  • (, minjung)
  • (, minpye)
  • (, gongmin)
  • (, gyomin)
  • (, gungmin)
  • (, nongmin)
  • (, sangmin)
  • (, seomin)
  • (, seonmin)
  • (, simin)
  • (, inmin)
  • (, jumin)
  • (, pyeongmin)

Usage notes

  1. ^ , . vox populi, vox dei. (The voice of the people is the voice of God.) The one may be a calque of the other, or vice versa.

Vietnamese

Han character

? (dân, rân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Noun

?

  1. Hán t? form of dân.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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