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See also: ? and ?


Stroke order

Han character

? (radical 81, ?+0, 4 strokes, cangjie input (PP), four-corner 21710, composition ???(GHT) or ?????(GHT) or ???(JKV))

  1. Kangxi radical #81, ?.

Derived characters



  • KangXi: page 590, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16743
  • Dae Jaweon: page 982, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1415, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6BD4


simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-ancient.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (): ? ("man") + ? - to juxtapose.

Pronunciation 1



  1. to compare; to contrast
  2. to liken; to draw an analogy to
  3. to emulate; to copy; to imitate
  4. to compete; to rival
  5. to match; to be equal
  6. to be the ratio of; ... to ...
  7. to gesticulate; to gesture
  8. comparison; juxtaposition; contrast
  9. metaphor; analogy
  10. ratio; proportion
  11. than; more ... than; -er compared to
    ?????  -  T? b? w? g?o.  -  She is taller than me.
    • ????,??????,???,????? [MSC, trad.]
      ????,??????,???,????? [MSC, simp.]
      Y?héhuá shén duì shé shu?, n? jì zuò le zhè shì, jiù bì shòu zhòuz?, b? y?qiè de sh?ngchù y?shòu gèng shèn. [Pinyin]
      The Lord God said unto the serpent: "Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field."
  12. Short for / (B?lìshí, "Belgium").


Pronunciation 2



  1. to be next to; to be near to; to stand close together; to lie next to
  2. to cling to; to collude with
  3. intimate; close; friendly
  4. dense; closely packed
  5. harmonious; melodious
  6. all; completely
  7. lately; recently
  8. frequently; repeatedly
  9. until; till
  10. eighth hexagram of the I Ching


Pronunciation 3



  1. +Used in ("placename").
  2. +Used in ("tiger skin").
  3. +Used in / ("ancient belt hook").


Pronunciation 4



  1. +close; near
  2. +dense; closely packed

Pronunciation 5



  1. +Alternative form of ? (p?, "to have; to possess").




(grade 5 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. comparison, match, equal
  2. ratio
  3. Short for (Firipin): the Philippines


  • Go-on: ? (hi, J?y?); ? (bi)
  • Kan-on: ? (hi, J?y?)
  • Kun: ? (kuraberu, , J?y?)
  • Nanori: ? (i); (pi'); (kore)




? (eumhun ? (gyeonjul bi))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("comparison").


Han character

? (t?, t?, , b?)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

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