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Translingual

Alternative forms

See Han unification on popflock.com resource for differences in appearance by script by code point. Note that the bottom component is written ? in the Kangxi dictionary but appears as ? in simplified Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese scripts.

Han character

? (radical 80, ?+4, 9 strokes in Chinese, 8 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input (QMWYI), four-corner 50507, composition ???(GKV) or ???(HTJ))

References

  • KangXi: page 589, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16730
  • Dae Jaweon: page 981, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2382, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6BD2

Chinese

Glyph origin

Ideogrammic compound (): ? ("grass") + ? ("person of reprehensible morals") - poisonous plant.

Etymology

"poison"
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *duk ~ tuk ("poison; to poison"). Cognate with Tibetan (dug, "poison; toxin"), ? (gdug), (gdug pa, "vicious; evil; poisonous"), Burmese (tauk, "to suffer from toxicity; to be ill; to be poisonous").
"to poison" (Pronunciation 2)
A departing tone variant, meaning "to poison", is preserved in southern varieties, including Cantonese, Hakka, Min, southern Gan, and southern Wu. It is derived from the sense "poison" with the *-s suffix in Old Chinese.

Pronunciation 1

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ?
?
?
?
?

Definitions

?

  1. poison; toxin; venom; bane
    ??  -  y?u  -  poisonous
  2. +calamity; disaster; trouble
  3. +pain; suffering
  4. +crime; evil
  5. to poison; to administer poison to
  6. + to harm; to injure
  7. + to hate; to resent
  8. +Alternative form of ? (d?, "to manage; to govern").
  9. poisonous; noxious
  10. +heavy; thick
  11. hot; scorching; sweltering
  12. +severe; fierce; violent
  13. malicious; cruel

Compounds

Pronunciation 2

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ? Cantonese
?/? Hakka
? Min Dong

Definitions

?

  1. (Cantonese, Hakka, Min, colloquial) to poison; to administer poison to

Pronunciation 3

simp. and trad.
?

Definitions

?

  1. Used in , which is an alternative form of (dàimào).

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 4 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

  • Go-on: (doku, J?y?); (dai)
  • Kan-on: (toku); (tai)
  • Kun: ? (sokonau, ); (warui, )

Compounds


Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 4
on'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji doku)

  1. poison, toxin

References

  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? o (dok) (hangeul ?, revised dok, McCune–Reischauer tok, Yale tok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

? (c, n?c)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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