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Chinese

chair
 
child; son; (noun suffix); small thing; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch; 11 pm-1 am; midnight
simp. and trad.
()
? ?

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. chair (Classifier: ? m; ?/? m)

Synonyms

Derived terms

  • ? (fúsh?uy?zi)

Descendants

Sino-Xenic ():
  • -> Japanese:() (isu)
  • -> Korean: (, uija)

Japanese

Wikipedia-logo.png
  on Japanese Wikipedia

Alternative forms

  • ?

Etymology

/isi/ -> /is?/ -> /isu/

Originally (ishi), referring to seats with or without rests used by higher court officials. With the arrival of Zen Buddhism to Japan, possibly a later borrowing from Middle Chinese (MC i?X t?s?X) or directly from Mandarin (y?zi, literally "chair" + diminutive suffix), the meaning shifted to wooden seats used by priests. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation

Noun

() o (isu) (counter ?)

  1. a seat (piece of furniture)
    Synonyms: (koshikake), ? (suts?ru), (chea)
  2. (by extension) a post, position (in an office)
    Synonym: (posuto)

Derived terms

References

  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja in this term
??

Noun

o (uija) (hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of ("chair").

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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