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east west
trad. () ? ?
simp. () ? ?
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Unknown. Many theories exist. (This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: "needs a summary")

Pronunciation 1


  1. east and west
  2. nearby; vicinity
  3. everywhere
  4. (literary) seventy to eighty years old


  1. from east to west

Derived terms

  • ?/? (g?j?nd?ngx?)
  • ?/? (d?ngx?nánb?i)

See also

  • (nánb?i)

Pronunciation 2


  1. (chiefly Mandarin, Gan, Hakka, Jin, Xiang) thing; stuff; something (Classifier: ?/?; ?; ?/?)
    ?????? / ??????  -  W? y?u d?ngxi yào g?i n?.  -  I have something for you.
    ????? [MSC, trad.]
    ????? [MSC, simp.]
    B? w? de d?ngxi huáng?i w?. [Pinyin]
    Give my stuff back.
    ???????? [MSC, trad.]
    ???????? [MSC, simp.]
    W? hái y?u h?n du? d?ngxi yào xué. [Pinyin]
    I still have a lot to learn.
    ??,????? [MSC, trad.]
    ??,????? [MSC, simp.]
    Bù cúnzài de d?ngxi, w? z?nme nénggòu kàn de dào? [Pinyin]
    How can I see that which does not exist?
  2. Referring to a person or animal with emotion.
Usage notes
  • In Mandarin, whilst / can mean a thing in either a physical or abstract sense, (shìqing) only means a thing in an abstract sense.
  • (wùp?n)
Derived terms
  • ?/? (bùshì d?ngxi)
  • / (xi?od?ngxi)
  • / (m?i d?ngxi)
  • -> White Hmong: toobxib


Kanji in this term
? ?

Grade: 2
Grade: 2


From Middle Chinese (MC tu? sei). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) The sai of ? changes to zai due to rendaku ().



(hiragana ?, r?maji t?zai)

  1. east and west
  2. (by extension) all over, here and there
  3. Orient and Occident
  4. (slang) a name of a good or money, originally a Chinese slang term

Derived terms

Related terms


(hiragana ?, r?maji t?zai)

  1. Synonym of ? ("your attention please; hear ye")


  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

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