Get %E6%9C%AA%E7%84%B6%E5%BD%A2 essential facts below. View Videos or join the %E6%9C%AA%E7%84%B6%E5%BD%A2 discussion. Add %E6%9C%AA%E7%84%B6%E5%BD%A2 to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.



Compound of (mizen, literally "not yet occurred") +‎ ? (kei, "form"). Historically called (?) (sh?zengen), () (mizendan).[1]



?(?)?()?() o (mizenkei

  1. (grammar) a Japanese verbal inflectional category: the irrealis form
    Indicates that something has not yet happened, or not yet begun.

Usage notes

This term is used in the traditional description of Japanese grammar. In , this is called the (-nai kei, "-nai form") as it is used before the suffix (-nai). In the western analysis of Japanese grammar, it is not an inflected form but a derived stem, called for example the "a- stem" in Bjarke Frellesvig's works. Some analyses such as John R. Bentley's A Descriptive Grammar Of Early Old Japanese Prose even do not posit such a stem at all, instead analyzing the a as part of the suffix (e.g. yuk-azu instead of yuka-zu).

Related terms

See also


  1. ^ 1988, () (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, ? (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  • Shibatani, Masayoshi (1990) The languages of Japan, Cambridge University Press, ->ISBN, pages 221-224

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes