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See also:

Chinese

 
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
 
to calculate; to compute; to count; reckon; ruse; to plan
trad. () ? ?
simp. () ? ?
anagram /

Etymology

From Japanese (tokei) (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. (literary) clock; timepiece; timekeeper

Derived terms

  • / (shíjìgu?)

Japanese

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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(tokei, tokihakari): a clock.
(tokei, tokihakari): a pocket watch.

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
? ?
> ?
Grade: 2
(ateji)

Grade: 2
(ateji)
Irregular kan'on

From Middle Chinese (t?uoX kwei, literally "earth, clay + stack of clay tablets", a kind of sundial used in the Zhou Dynasty).[1][2][3]

The spelling is the original form, with the kan'on reading of tokei. This has been largely superseded by the ateji () spelling in modern writing.

Alternative forms

  • (historical)

Pronunciation

Noun

() o (tokei)

  1. a clock, a watch, a timepiece, a timekeeper
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Chinese: / (shíjì)
  • Korean: (sigye)

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
? ?

Grade: 2
(?)
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of ?() (toki, "time") + ?()? (hakari, "measuring", the ?()?()?() (ren'y?kei, "stem or continuative form") of the verb ?()? (hakaru, "to measure").).[1]

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

() o (tokihakari)

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) a clock, a watch, a timepiece, a timekeeper
Usage notes

This reading is rare.

References

  1. ? 1.01.1 1988, () (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan
  2. ? 2.02.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, (Daijisen) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan, ->ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja in this term
??

Noun

o (sigye) (hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of ("timepiece").

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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