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See also: ?

Translingual

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
?-order.gif
Stroke order
(alternative)
?-aorder.gif

Han character

? (radical 70, ?+0, 4 strokes, cangjie input (YHS), four-corner 00227, composition ???)

  1. Kangxi radical #70, ?.

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 481, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13620
  • Dae Jaweon: page 842, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2172, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65B9

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
? *pa:?
? *pa:, *pra:?s, *bra:?
? *pa:, *bra:?
? *pa:
? *pa:, *pa:?s, *ba:?
? *pa:?s, *bra:?
? *pa:?s, *pa?s
? *pa:?s
? *p?a:?
? *p?a:?, *p?ra:?
? *p?a:?
? *p?a:?
? *p?a:?
? *p?a:, *ba:?
? *ba:?, *p?a
? *ba:?, *pa?, *pa?s
? *ba:?, *ba?
? *ba:?, *bra:?
? *ba:?, *pra:?, *bra:?
? *ba:?, *ba:?s
? *ba:?
? *ba:?
? *ba:?s
? *pra:?
? *pra:?
? *pra:?
? *pa?, *ba?
? *pa?
? *pa?, *ba?
? *pa?, *p?a?s
? *pa?
? *pa?
? *pa?
? *pa?, *ba?
? *pa?, *ba?
? *pa?
? *pa
? *pa
? *pa, *pa?s
? *pa
? *p?a?
? *p?a?
? *p?a?, *p?a?s
? *p?a
? *p?a
? *p?a
? *p?a
? *p?a?s
? *ba?, *ba?s
? *ba?

Ideogrammic compound (): ? + ? ("sword") - blade; tip of a blade. Original form of ? (OC *ma:?, *ma?, "awn (of cereal); tip (of blade)"); later borrowed to mean "side". Other theories regarding the origin of this character also exist.

It is unrelated to ? ("fluttering flag"), from which characters like ? (OC *, "flag") and ? (OC *?·ra?, "troops") are derived.

Etymology 1

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: "seems to have several different etyma"

Compare:

  1. ? (OC *ba:?), ? (OC *ba:?, *ba:?s) ("side")
  2. ? (OC *pa:?s, *pa?s), ? ("boat")
  3. ? (OC *pa?) ("to begin")
  4. ? (OC *pa, *pa?s), ? (OC *p?a) ("to imitate")

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. +parallel; side by side
  2. +parallel boats
  3. +raft made of bamboo
  4. + to match; to be equal to
  5. + to compare; to set side by side
  6. + to differentiate; to discriminate
  7. + to occupy; to take up
  8. (mathematics) square; rectangle; cube
  9. side; aspect; party
    ??  -  f?ngmiàn  -  aspect; side
  10. place; region; locality
  11. orientation; direction
  12. all sides; all directions
  13. law; rule; reason
  14. method; way
  15. sort; category; kind
  16. moral principle and knowledge; learning
  17. earth; solid earth; ground
  18. (traditional Chinese medicine) prescription
  19. (mathematics) power
    • 2?3???8?  -  2 de 3 cìf?ng shì 8.  -  2 to the third power is 8.
  20. (mathematics) Short for (píngf?ngm?, "Classifier for square metre.").
  21. (mathematics) Short for (lìf?ngm?, "Classifier for cubic metre.").
  22. circumference; perimeter
  23. upright; honest; irreproachable
  24. just; just when; at the time when; just now; now
  25. just; only
  26. at (a specific time)
  27. (dictionaries) Short for (f?ngyán, "dialect").
  28. A surname​.
Compounds

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. Only used in / (Fángyù, "an ancient county in modern Shandong").
  2. to disobey
  3. Alternative form of ? (fáng).
  4. Alternative form of ? (fáng).

Etymology 2

Rendering of a dialectalTemplate:which pronunciation of ? (hu?ng).

Pronunciation

Definitions

? (Mainland China, neologism, slang)

  1. to panic
    ???!  -  W? f?ng le!  -  I panic!
  2. panicky
    ??!  -  H?o f?ng!  -  So panicky!

Etymology 3

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("to imitate; to resemble; to be similar; etc.").
(This character, ?, is a variant form of ?.)

Etymology 4

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. Used in .
  2. Used in .
  3. Used in .
  4. Alternative form of ? (páng).

Etymology 5

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. Only used in .

Etymology 6

Borrowed from English phon

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. phon (unit of apparent loudness)

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. direction
  2. person
  3. alternative

Readings

  • Go-on: (h?, J?y?) (fau, historical)
  • Kan-on: (h?, J?y?) (fau, historical)
  • Kun: (kata, ?, J?y?); (masani, ); ? (naraberu); ? (kuraberu)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (pjang).

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji h?, historical hiragana )

  1. direction, way, side
    ? ()?? (?)?? (?)?? ()?
    oni-san kochira, te no naru h? e
    hey, "it", over here, to (the direction of) the clapping of the hands (phrase said in tag)
  2. more so (preceded by ~?, often followed by ~?)
     ()?? ()? ()?
    Kono tokei no h? ga sono yori takai desu.
    This watch is more expensive than that [one].

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji kata)

  1. (polite) person
    ? ()?
    Ano kata.
    That person. (polite)
    ? ()
    Ano kata wa donata desu ka.
    Who is that gentleman? (formal)
Synonyms

Suffix

? (hiragana , r?maji -kata)

  1. way, method (of doing)
    ? (?)?? ()
    kakikata
    way of writing something; how to write something
    ? ()?? ()
    tsukaikata
    way of using something; how to use something
See also

Etymology 3

pe > ?e > we > e.

Suffix

? (hiragana ?, r?maji -e, historical hiragana ?)

  1. a suffix expressing location, direction, or time
Derived terms

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of ? (sa, "that", pronominal indicating a person, place, thing, or direction in the middle distance) +‎ ? (ma, "likeness, way, similarity", suffix indicating a quality).[3]

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji sama)

  1. a person's appearance (as of body, or style, or face, etc.)
  2. the state or situation of a thing
  3. the general trend, tenor, or feel of a thing
  4. one's social station, status, or quality
  5. the way or means of doing something, how one does something
  6. the reason or circumstances for something

References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN
  3. ^ 1988, () (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? ? (mo bang))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("direction").

Compounds


Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: phng (?(ph?)?(lng)?(thi?t))[1][2][3]
?: Nôm readings: phng[1][2][3], vuông[1][3][4], ph?ng[1]

  1. Hán t? form of phng ("way; direction; means; method").

Compounds

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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