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Translingual

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character

? (radical 66, ?+5, 9 strokes, cangjie input ? (MMOK), four-corner 18140, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 469, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13135
  • Dae Jaweon: page 819, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1453, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+653F

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *tje?s): phonetic ? (OC *tje?, *tje?s) + semantic ? ("action").

Etymology

Specialization of ? (OC *tje?, *tje?s, "straight, upright; right, correct; proper").

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. government; political power
    ??  -  zhèngf?  -  government
  2. regulation; rule; decree
  3. politics; political affairs
    ??  -  zhèngzhì  -  politics
  4. administrative affairs of governmental departments, families or organisations
  5. + to govern; to rule
  6. + to correct; to comment on (a manuscript)

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 5 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: (sh?, J?y?, uncommon) (syau, historical)
  • Kan-on: (sei, J?y?)
  • Kun: (matsurigoto, ?, J?y?)
  • Nanori: (osa) (wosa, historical); (kazu); (kiyo); (koto); (sunao); (tada); (tadashi); (tadasu); (nari); (nobu); (nori); (masa); (masashi); (yuki)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Possibly from Old Japanese.

Originally a compound of (matsuri, the (ren'y?kei, "stem or continuative form") of verb (matsuru), "to enshrine, worship") +‎ ? (koto, "matter, thing").[1][2] The koto changes to goto as an instance of rendaku ()..

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji matsurigoto)

  1. (politics) a government, rule
    Synonyms: (seiji), (seid?)
  2. (especially in Shinto) a festival, ritual
    Synonym: (saishi)
Derived terms
Proverbs

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Matsurigoto)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 5
kan'on

From Middle Chinese ? (MC tiH).

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji sei)

  1. a law, rule
  2. a doctrine, precept, way

Affix

? (hiragana , r?maji sei)

  1. government, politics, rule
  2. administration (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Sei)

  1. a male or female given name

References

  1. ^ 1995, (Daijisen) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan, ->ISBN
  2. ? 2.02.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (jeongsa jeong))

? (eumhun ? ? (chil jeong))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("political affairs, to hit").

Vietnamese

Han character

? (chính, chánh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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