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Translingual

Han character

? (radical 64, ?+8, 12 strokes, cangjie input ? (FBRQ), four-corner 90502, composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 437, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12248
  • Dae Jaweon: page 786, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1889, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+638C

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *tja): phonetic ? (OC *dja?, *dja?s) + semantic ?.

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. palm of hand
  2. sole of foot
  3. shoe sole or heel
  4. horseshoe
  5. to slap
  6. to hold
  7. to control
  8. (dialectal Mandarin) to put (seasoning)
  9. (Sichuan) to support; to hold

Compounds

  • (zh?zh?ng)
  • (xi?nrénzh?ng)
  • (hézh?ng)
  • / (zhízh?ng)
  • (b?zhang)
  • (sh?uzh?ng)
  • /
  • ?
  • ?/?
  • /
  • (zh?ngsháo)
  • / (zh?ngchú)
  • (zh?ngx?n)
  • (zh?ngkòng)
  • (zh?ngwò)
  • ?/?
  • / (zh?nggu?i)
  • /
  • (zh?nggù)
  • ?/?
  • / (zh?ngguì)
  • /
  • / (zh?ngquán)
  • (zh?ngzào)
  • /
  • ?/?
  • /
  • (zh?nggu?n)
  • / (zh?ngwén)
  • / (zh?ngsh?ng)
  • ?/? (zh?ngsh?ngléidòng)
  • (zh?ngduò)
  • /
  • / (zh?ngmén)
  • / (zh?ngménrén)
  • (zh?ngg?)
  • / (yángzh?ng)
  • (xióngzh?ng)
  • / (lánhu?zh?ng)
  • / (m?zh?ng)
  • (g?zh?ng)

Descendants

  • -> Mongolian: (zan, "sole")

Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

  • Go-on: (sh?, J?y?) (syau, historical)
  • Kan-on: (sh?, J?y?) (syau, historical)
  • Kun: ? (tenohira, ?); (tanagokoro, ?); ? (tanasoko, ?); (tsukasadoru, )

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From ? (te, "hand") +‎ ? (no, possessive particle) +‎ ? (hira, "flat"). Compare English flat of one's hand.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji te no hira)

  1. (anatomy) a palm

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From ? (ta, "hand") +‎ ? (na, archaic possessive particle) +‎ ? (ura, "back side; bottom side; face-down side; palmar/plantar side")

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji tanaura)

  1. (anatomy) a palm

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

From ? (ta, "hand") +‎ ? (na, archaic possessive particle) +‎ ? (kokoro, "heart; inside")

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji tanagokoro)

  1. (anatomy) a palm

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC tX)

Suffix

? (hiragana , r?maji -sh?, historical hiragana )

  1. (martial arts) used in the names of moves that involve hitting and pushing hard with the palm
    ? ()? ()? ()? ()? (?)? ()? ()? ()? ()
    J?kenp? Hakke Rokuj?yonsh?
    J?kenp?: Eight Trigrams, Sixty-Four Palms
    • 2003 September 22, Uraku, Akinobu, "?60???????? [Chapter 60: A Girl's Resolve]", in ?? [Tokyo Underground], volume 11 (fiction), Square Enix, ->ISBN, pages 30-31:
      ? ()?? ()? ()?? ()? ()? ()!!!? (?)? ()? ()? ()? ()
      Kore ga kono Seki o S?pei no ch?ten tarashimeru hon? da'!!! Gary? S?rensh?
      This is the flame that helped put me, Seki, at the top of the Supei!!! Gary? S?rensh?

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (sonbadak jang))

  1. Hanja form? of ("palm of the hand").

Vietnamese

Han character

? (chng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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