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Han character

? (radical 60, ?+8, 11 strokes, cangjie input (HOKMR), four-corner 24221, composition ???)

  1. to cross over


  • KangXi: page 368, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10148
  • Dae Jaweon: page 692, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 827, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5F9B


Glyph origin

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *krals, *?ral?): semantic ? ("to walk with small steps") + phonetic ? (OC *kral, *?ral).


(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: "related to ?/?/?/ from ST *C-k(y)ay ? *k(y)ar (OBLIQUE / SLANTING / SIDEWAYS)?")

Pronunciation 1

simp. and trad.



  1. +stepping stone in the water; stone bridge

Pronunciation 2

simp. and trad.
alternative forms ?



  1. (literary or dialectal) to stand
  2. (Min Nan) to live; to inhabit; to reside
  3. (Min Nan, Wu) to stand; to set upright
  4. (Min Nan) upright; vertical
  5. (Min Nan) to register; to indicate
  6. (Min Nan) to found; to open; to set up
  7. (Min Nan) to be in charge
  8. (Min Nan) to divide; to set apart
  9. (Min Nan) to rank
  10. (Min Nan) to dominate; to be a champion
  11. (Min Nan) to stay
  12. (Min Bei, Datian Min, Pucheng Wu) to build (a house)
  13. (Min Nan) stand (something that keeps an object upright)
  14. (Min Nan) Classifier for upright objects.
  15. (Min Nan) vertical stroke in a Chinese character (?)


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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