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U+5E1D, 帝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E1D

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 50, ?+6, 9 strokes, cangjie input ? (YBLB), four-corner 00227, composition ????)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 330, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8865
  • Dae Jaweon: page 636, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 738, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5E1D

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Pictogram (). Possible interpretations:

  • The sepal of a flower; original form of ? (OC *te:ds, "stem; peduncle").
  • Tied-up firewood; original form of ? (OC *de:?s).
  • An altar; original form of ? (OC *de:?s).

The character was later borrowed for "God of Heaven", which was later used as a title for emperors. Shuowen erroneously interprets the character to be a phono-semantic compound (, OC *te:?s): semantic ? ("up; above") + phonetic ? (OC *s?e?s).

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *te? ("God"); compare Tibetan [script needed] (the, "celestial gods of the Bon religion"), Jingpho [Term?] (m?³¹-tai³³, "god of the sky"), Proto-Bodo-Garo *m?-Dai? ("spirit; god") (Coblin, 1986; Schuessler, 2007; Sagart, 2011). Cognate with ? (OC *de:?s, "a kind of sacrifice") (Schuessler, 2007).

Alternatively, Sagart (1999) derives it from a root *tek ("to be master over; to rule over"), whence also ? (OC *?tek, "to rule; to control"), ? (OC *?tek, "son of principal wife").

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. +God of Heaven
  2. emperor; sovereign
  3. Short for ?/? (dìguózh?yì, "imperialism").
    ?? / ??  -  f?n dòuzh?ng  -  anti-imperialism struggle

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

  1. sovereign

Readings

  • Go-on: (tai)
  • Kan-on: (tei, J?y?)
  • Kun: (mikado, ?)

Alternative forms

Noun

?() o (mikado

  1. mikado (emperor of Japan)
  2. emperor

Compounds


Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (imgeum je))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

? (, y, , , , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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