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Translingual

Stroke order
6 strokes

Han character

? (radical 41, ?+3, 6 strokes, cangjie input (GDI), four-corner 40341, composition ???(GJKV) or ???(HT))

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 293, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7414
  • Dae Jaweon: page 581, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 503, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5BFA

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *lj?s): phonetic ? (OC *kj) + semantic ? ("hand") - to grasp, to hold. Phonetic ? (?) became ? in Clerical Script and semantic ? become ? in Small Seal Script.

The derivative ? refers to the original word.

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. temple; monastery; (Dungan) mosque
  2. government court; office (Used before Han dynasty)

Compounds

  • (fósì)
  • /
  • ?
  • (Nánjúsì)
  • / (Tuánsh?nsì)
  • ?/?
  • / (fùsì)
  • (?nfúsì)
  • / (B?oyuèsì)
  • (sìrén)
  • (Sìpíng)
  • /
  • / (sìmiào)
  • (sìyuàn)
  • (Shàolínsì)
  • (Zu?x?sì)
  • ?/?
  • /
  • (Shu?yuèsì)
  • /
  • (q?ngzh?nsì)
  • /
  • / (Báim?sì)
  • /
  • / (Bìyúnsì)
  • (Fútiánsì)
  • /
  • / (l?bàisì)
  • (Zh?ngtiánsì)
  • / (Hóngyánsì)
  • (Hu?línsì)
  • /
  • (X?m?nsì)
  • / (Méng?sì)
  • / (y?nsì)
  • /
  • /
  • / (Zhu?nch?sì)
  • /
  • ?
  • /
  • ?/?

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. archaic form of referring to eunuchs

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (ji, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: ? (shi)
  • Kun: (tera, ?, J?y?)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'y?sh?, completed some time after 759 CE.[1]

There are various theories regarding the ultimate derivation.

  • Some sources[2][3] derive Japanese tera from Middle Korean ? (jyeol). This is from earlier ? (dyeol, "temple") and is the nativised reading of ? (?, chal, "Buddhist temple") below, deriving in turn from Middle Chinese ? (MC t?at?), shortened from (MC t?at? t? l?, "Buddhist monastery, temple or shrine"), borrowed from Sanskrit ? (k?etra, "land, area, domain").
  • Other sources[4] describe Japanese tera as cognate with modern Korean ? (?, chal, "temple"), appearing as a component in terms such as (, seonchal, "Zen temple"), (, sachal, "Buddhist temple").
  • Another derivation[3][4] is given as Pali thera ("elders") in reference to the monks.

Considering the phonetic development in Korean, the avenues for transmission of Buddhist terms to Japan, and the consistent temple sense of the Japanese term throughout recorded history, the now-obsolete Korean ? (dyeol, "temple") may be a more likely source than Pali thera ("elders").

Pronunciation

Noun

? (counter ?, hiragana , r?maji tera)

  1. (chiefly Buddhist) a temple

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC z?H).

Pronunciation

Suffix

? (hiragana ?, r?maji -ji)

  1. (chiefly Buddhist) a temple

References

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'y?sh? (book 16, poem 3822), text here
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  3. ? 3.03.1 1995, (Daijisen) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan, ->ISBN
  4. ? 4.04.1 1988, () (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan
  5. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN
  6. ^ 1997, ? (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? o (sa, si) (hangeul ?, ?)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds

  • (, sachal)

Vietnamese

Han character

? (t?, chùa)

  1. Buddhist monastery

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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