%E5%AD%97
Get %E5%AD%97 essential facts below. View Videos or join the %E5%AD%97 discussion. Add %E5%AD%97 to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
%E5%AD%97

Translingual

Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 39, ?+3, 6 strokes, cangjie input (JND), four-corner 30407, composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 277, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6942
  • Dae Jaweon: page 545, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1010, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B57

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze-shang.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-bronze-spring.svg ?-slip.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *zl?s): semantic ? ("roof") + phonetic ? (OC *?sl, "child").

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsa ~ za ("child; to give birth; to take care; to be kind"). Related to:

  • ? (OC *?sl, "child, son") (also its phonetic component)
  • ? (OC *z?, "to be kind, loving")
  • ? (OC *?s?, "to nourish, to grow")
  • ? (OC *lj?, "word, term")
  • ? (OC *lj?, "word, from testimony")

Original sense (1): "to become pregnant, to give birth to, to nurture, to love" has essentially become obsolete. The sense (2) "letter, character" is either from a different root or a derivation from the sense "to produce, to generate".

Cognate with Tibetan ? (tsha bo, "nephew"), Tibetan (tsha rus, "descendant"), Tibetan (btsa', "to give birth to; to guard"), Tibetan (mdza', "kind, peaceful, friendly") (Quan, 1996).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. + to give birth to; to deliver a baby; to bring into the world
  2. + to be pregnant; to be carrying a baby
  3. +(historical, of a girl) to be betrothed; to be allowed to marry
    ?? / ??  -  dàigu?zh?ng  -  to stay in the boudoir waiting to be betrothed
  4. + to bring up; to raise; to rear (a child)
  5. + to love; to cherish; to care very much for
  6. + to educate; to teach; to instruct
  7. + to govern; to administer
  8. Chinese character; hanzi (Classifier: ?/?; ?/? c)
    ??? / ???  -  Zhège z?nme niàn?  -  How do you read this character?
  9. word; term; wording; diction
    ?????? / ??????  -  Zhè p?n cuò le.  -  This word is wrongly spelt; you've left out a letter.
  10. (computing) word
  11. handwriting; writing
    ??????  -  T? de h?n chà.  -  His handwriting is very bad.
  12. (historical) courtesy name; Chinese-style name (a name traditionally given to Chinese males at the age of 20 and females at the age of 15)
  13. (historical) to style; to give someone a courtesy name
  14. letter; symbol; character
    ??  -  m?  -  letter
    ??  -  chuàn  -  character string
  15. (calligraphy) style of handwriting; printing type
  16. (calligraphy) (a calligrapher's) calligraphy work
  17. written letter; message; correspondence
  18. receipt; contract; slip
  19. pronunciation of a character; pronunciation
  20. (colloquial) tails (side of the coin)
  21. (Cantonese, Min, Malaysia, Singapore) five minutes (derived from the locations of 1 to 12 on a clock face) (Classifier: ?/? m c)
    ??? / ??? [Cantonese]  -  saam1 go3zi6 [Jyutping]  -  fifteen minutes [i.e. when the minute hand points to 3]
    ???? / ???? [Min Nan]  -  chhit tiám nn?g j? [Pe?h-?e-j?]  -  ten past seven
  22. A surname​.

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? (?) (ji)
  • -> Korean:? (?, ja)
  • -> Vietnamese: t? (?)

Others:

  • -> Tai: *:? ("name")
    • Lao: (s, "name")
    • Thai: ? (ch, "name")
  • -> Vietnamese: ch? ("script; letter; writing; word")

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (ji, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: ? (shi)
  • Kun: (aza, ?, J?y?); (azana, ?); (umu); (masu)

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Borrowed from Middle Chinese ? with the southern pronunciation (kango, Go-on).

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji ji)

  1. a letter, character
    ? (?)?? ()?? (?)
    Kono ji wa nan to yomimasu ka?
    How do you pronounce this character?
  2. handwriting, penmanship
    ? ()? ()?? (?)? ()
    Kanojo wa ji ga umai.
    She has good handwriting.
Derived terms

Counter

? (hiragana ?, r?maji -ji)

  1. letters, characters
    40 ()? (?)? (?)? ()?? (?)?
    Yonj?-ji inai de kaite kudasai.
    Please write it down in 40 characters or fewer.

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Shortened form of (azana, "a section of a village") of ancient Japanese origin (wago).

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji aza)

  1. a section of a village
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Of ancient Japanese origin (wago).

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji azana)

  1. courtesy name
  2. nickname
  3. a section of a village

References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (geulja ja))

  1. letter, character

Vietnamese

Han character

? (ch?, t?, t?)

  1. character, letter
  2. word

References

  • Thi?u Ch?u : Hán Vi?t T? ?i?n, Hà N?i, 1942
  • Tr?n V?n Chánh: T? ?i?n Hán Vi?t NXB Tr?, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • V? V?n Kính?i T? ?i?n Ch? Nôm, NXB V?n Ngh?, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999

Compounds


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

%E5%AD%97
 



 



 
Music Scenes