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%E5%AD%94

Translingual

Stroke order
4 strokes

Han character

? (radical 39, ?+1, 4 strokes, cangjie input (NDU), four-corner 12410, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 277, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6933
  • Dae Jaweon: page 544, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1008, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5B54

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
? *q?lo:?, *q?lo:s
? *k?lo:

Bronze inscriptions: Ideogrammic compound (): ? ("opening") + ? ("child") - opening in the skull of a newborn, i.e. fontanelle.

Etymology

"hole"
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)u? ("hole; orifice; inner part"). ? (OC *k?lo:, "hole") is probably the endoactive derivation of ? (OC *k?o:?, "hollow; empty") (Schuessler, 2007). Cognate with Tibetan (khung, "hole"), Jingpho ladi hku (l?dî hk?, "nostril"), Chepang (g?a?, "hole"), Burmese (a.hkaung, "hollow place; cavity"), Naxi kho³³ ("cave; hole; pit") (STEDT).

"peacock":

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: "Compare Reconstruction:Proto-Vietic/k-vo:?"

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. hole; aperture; opening
  2. Classifier for cave dwellings, oil wells, etc.
  3. large
  4. fine
  5. very
  6. peacock
  7. A surname​.
  8. (specifically) Short for (K?ngz?, "Confucius").

Synonyms

  • (hole):
Dialectal synonyms of ? ("hole") [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ?, ?, ?
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) ?, ?, , ,
Mandarin Beijing
Jinan
Xi'an ,
Wuhan , , , ?
Chengdu , , ?
Yangzhou ?
Hefei , ?
Cantonese Guangzhou ?,
Hong Kong ?,
Gan Nanchang ?
Hakka Meixian ,
Jin Taiyuan ,
Min Bei Jian'ou ?
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen ?,
Quanzhou ?
Zhangzhou
Taipei ?
Philippines (Manila) ?
Chaozhou ?
Wu Suzhou ?
Wenzhou ?, ?,
Xiang Changsha ?
Shuangfeng , ?
  • (Confucius):
  • ?? (K?ng Qi?)
  • (K?ng F?z?)
  • (K?ngz?)
  • (Min Nan)
  • (sùwáng)

See also

  • (k?long)

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

  1. cavity

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (ku); (k?)
  • Kan-on: (k?, J?y?)
  • Kun: (ana, ?); ? (hanahada, )

Compounds


Korean

Hanja

? o (gong)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): ? (revised: gong, McCune–Reischauer: kong)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

? (kh?ng, h?ng, h?ng, kh?ng, kh?ng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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