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Translingual

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character

? (radical 38, ?+5, 8 strokes, cangjie input (VIR), four-corner 43460, composition ???)

Derived characters

Further reading

  • KangXi: page 258, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6166
  • Dae Jaweon: page 523, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1041, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+59CB

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ?
?
?
?

Glyph origin

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *hlj): semantic ? ("woman") + phonetic ? (OC *l:, *l'?:, *l'?:, *l?).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. to begin; to start
  2. beginning; start
  3. initial; first
  4. then; only then; only after
    • ??,?????? [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      ??,?????? [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: , (translated by Betty Tseng)
      Qi?nh?wànhuàn sh? ch?lái, yóu bào pípá bàn zh? miàn. [Pinyin]
      It was after many invitations, call after call, before she showed herself. Even then, she held her pipa close and revealed only half of her countenance.

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? (?) (shi)
  • -> Korean:? (?, si)
  • -> Vietnamese: thu? (?)

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 3 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. to begin; to start

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (shi, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: ? (shi, J?y?)
  • Kun: ? (hajimeru, , J?y?); (hajime, ); ? (hajimaru, , J?y?)
  • Nanori: (tomo); (hajime); (haru); (moto)

Compounds

Etymology

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC X).

Affix

? (hiragana ?, r?maji shi)

  1. beginning; start
  2. initial; first

Derived terms

See also


Korean

Etymology

From Middle Chinese ? (MC X).

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

? (eumhun ? (birothal si))
? (eumhun ? (biroso si))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("beginning; start").
  2. Hanja form? of ? ("initial; first").

Compounds

References

  • ( ) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, ?/?. [1]

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: th?y/thu?[1][2][3], th? (?(thi)?(ch?)?(thi?t))[2][4][3]
?: Nôm readings: th?[4][5], th?y/thu?[1]

  1. Hán t? form of thu?/th?y ("beginning; start; initial").

Compounds

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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